Academic journal article Gender & Behaviour

Influence of Women's Attitude on the Perpetration of Gender-Based Domestic Violence in Nigeria

Academic journal article Gender & Behaviour

Influence of Women's Attitude on the Perpetration of Gender-Based Domestic Violence in Nigeria

Article excerpt

Even though the word of God according to holy Quran and Bible recognizes man as the head of the house, but the principle of good ordinance, law of equity and fairness, respect for basic human right (for both sexes) and likewise the same extension of God's words made the two (man and woman) partners in business, and so, to operate with mutual understanding. For prosperity, profitability, individual, group and societal growth, healthy interpersonal relationship between man and woman that constitute an organization or the entity of the society is always given an uncompromised leverage.

Since an egg can only grow to term (full chicken) if only given an all-round conducive environment, no man or woman can perform near his or her average potential except the working and residential environment are at least minimally conducive. Issue of domestic (residential environment) violence is a peculiar type of violence that needs a special attention. Considering the demographic and probably, the economic implications or consequences of gender-based domestic violence, the author of 2008 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) included it as a variable and subject of concern in the series of the survey for the first time. It was specifically mentioned in the edition that despite ongoing efforts to protect women and vulnerable population against violence, there is still much to be done to protect victims and to further inform and educate the population about the problem (National Population Commission (NPC) [Nigeria] and ICF International, 2009).

Gender-based violence is widely understood as any form of abusive behavior which could result in physical, sexual or psychological harm to women and girls alike. In other words, it is any act that subject women and young girls to pain, injuiy or distress, thus depriving them of their human rights and fundamental freedom; which could invariably limit or put a barrier to their socio-economic and demographic performance. Demonstration of violence against women could take diverse forms including physical violence such as slap, punch, blows and burns, sexual violence such as sexual harassment, rape and child prostitution, as well as psychological violence such as threat, aggression, insults, intimidation, embarrassment, blackmail and so on.

Gender-based domestic violence is referred to as violence against women which is committed by an intimate partner such as husband or other members of the family. It is the commonest form of genderbased violence. Domestic violence can be defined as any abusive treatment of one family member by another. It includes beating of wives, sexual abuse of female child and harmful traditional practices such as female genital cutting or mutilation. Any form of violence whether the one committed by an intimate partner or someone else could have a lot of devastating consequences on the victims of such violence. For instance, violent treatment against a child can lead to delinquency in that child in the sense that that child (who is subject to violent treatment) may grow up becoming aggressive and troublesome not only at home but also in the school and work place. Such violent treatment can affect the child's performance in the school and such a child may be withdrawn eventually. A child exposed to physical violence may become angiy and direct such anger towards the parents, other children or outside world. When exposed to sexual violence, a female child can become promiscuous to sex or to be involved in transactional sex.

In addition, women who experience violence treatments may sustain injuries such as cuts, scratches and bruises. They may even end up suffering from more complicated injuries such as internal bleeding, broken bones and so on. Violence against women can also lead to emotional problems. Such victims may suffer from depression and mental disorders which sometimes may lead to suicide (Esere, Adeyemi, Durosaro, & Omotosho, 2009). Moreover, women who are victims of violence may start exhibiting some harmful health behavior such as excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, drug abuse and risky sexual behaviour. …

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