Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Individual Characteristics of Students in the Course of Professional Development (as Exemplified by the Ulyanovsk Region of Russia)

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Individual Characteristics of Students in the Course of Professional Development (as Exemplified by the Ulyanovsk Region of Russia)

Article excerpt

Abstract

The purpose of the article is to disclose the objective laws of professional and personal development of students through the example of students of institutions of higher education in the Ulyanovsk region. The research has been done within the nomothetic approach. The process of professional development and specific features of students, such as perfectionism and conformism have been described in the article.

Keywords: professional development (professionalization), perfectionism, manipulative professions, individual style, attributive schemes

1. Introduction

In recent years there is a great interest to the investigations connected to the problem solution of personal and professional development, formation of professionalism, professional skill, search for the conditions and factors of increasing efficiency of the personnel activity (Mogilyovkin, 2007). According to the acmeological approach, a professional is considered as the subject of professional activity possessing a high level of professionalism of the personality and activity, having a high professional and social status which has been constantly aimed at developing and self-improving. The psychological essence of the problem of formation, formation of the professional, development of his personality relies on such concept as professionalization.

Professionalization is a formation of specific types of a person's labor activity on the basis of development of the set of its professionally focused characteristics (psychological, physiological, behavioural, working) (Bodrov, 2001). Professional development of the subject of work can be considered in four directions. Firstly, as a process of his socialization - adoption of social norms, transformation of social experience into his own professionally focused sets, interests, values. Secondly, as the personality development that consists in forming a person's professional abilities and motives of work and depends on the content of labor process, conditions of its realization, features of professional career, etc. Thirdly, as a professional self-realization of the individual in his walk of life. It is a professional way, a working career, a career of the personality. Fourthly, as a form of activity of the personality (Druzhinin, 2001).

The success in training of highly competent professionals depends to a great extent on the awareness by each of them of the abilities and the opportunity of effectively moving ahead to perfection heights. As an internal criterion of the professional growth each person has his own ideas about a high degree of conformity with his development (Emelyanenkova, 2005). There are the requirements imposed by a profession, on the one hand, and the highest valuable standards that have been formed on the other hand. This problem consists in correlating individually created standards with the available personal and professional qualities. In other words, socialization takes place in the direction set by a standard. It can be both positively and negatively directed.

One of the important components of educational professional activity of students is the formation of special qualities which will further characterize the identity of a future professional. Plasticity of personal traits also makes the task of correct establishing conditions for the professional growth so important and significant for those who are trained (Emelyanenkova et al., 2008).

2. Materials and Methods

In the course of studies general theoretical and empirical methods have been used, as well as mathematical processing of the research results. Among general theoretical and psychological methods we will note the theoretical analysis of scientific sources on the research subject, and as well as the comparative and comparative analysis of theories on the declared problems. The methods of collecting information are presented most widely: an experiment method; a method of sociometry of Y. …

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