Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

Regional Institutions in Rural Council Area Development in the North West Region, Cameroon

Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

Regional Institutions in Rural Council Area Development in the North West Region, Cameroon

Article excerpt

Abstract

Regional institutions remain a spring board for the development of the rural council areas in the North West Region of Cameroon. An example is the Grassfield Participatory and Decentralized Rural Development Project, GP-DERUDEP operating in the North West region of Cameroon. These institutions carry out innovations in the council area development process. Today, with specific or common development policies they make significant contributions to the council area development process. They use the council areas as the unit for development activities and international institutions, the local councils, village organizations and the council area population as their partners in development. This study brings to focus the policies and actions as well as the performance of GP-DERUDEP, a regional development institution analyzing its contributions in the development process. The methodology consisted of a study of published and unpublished scientific documents and project institutional reports on development activities in the various council areas. This was completed with field survey in project areas. The result is revealing as evidence in the council areas show a significant innovation of the development process through capacity building of beneficiaries and the construction of socio economic infrastructure. But there is need for a close monitoring of the realizations especially the physical infrastructure if sustainable quality service provision is to be assured.

Keywords: institutions, area development, innovations, development process, participation and projects

1. Introduction

Institutions as a whole remain a springboard for development (Doner, 2010). Regional institutions play a very important role to the development of council areas in the world today. They have improved through innovations the development process. Though they play the same role of resource mobilization, capacity building of grassroots population, resources distribution all culminating to project execution, they have brought in several innovations or changes to this process. The constant increase in the population of the world and the important socio economic role of rural council areas today such as the feeding of the urban population simply add to the many reasons for governments through institutions to focus on the need to improve on the living conditions of the rural dwellers. Investments must be done in every sector of activity especially the non-farm. Socio economic infrastructure must be put in place (Mbanga, 2003). Vladislav and Sabine, (2008) in comparing the rural to the urban areas commented that in all regions of the world, rural areas are facing many similar challenges. Compared with urban territories, rural areas are often marked by low per capita income levels, low employment opportunities, unfavorable demographic situation, low population density and poor infrastructure. The level of economic development of rural areas has often lagged behind that of urban ones. Karlheinz, Talis and Gianluca (2009), commented that for these reasons rural areas and communities are becoming a very important starting point and platform for sustainable development. They attributed this to the fact that farmers who are the majority in rural areas are very important socio economic and cultural actors. The development of the rural council areas has never been neglected as every government in both the developed and developing countries has a rural development policy with institutions for implementation in the field. In Cameroon, these institutions include the councils and their partner institutions like the National Community Driven Programme, PNDP, the Community Development Support Project, PADC, the North West Development Authority and its sub project the Grassfield Participatory and Decentralized Rural Development Project, GP-DERUDEP. They all operate either at the national or regional scales. A variety of programs and projects have resulted from these rural development policies and institutions with the important objective to upliftthe general well-being of the rural population in the economic and the social sectors. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.