Academic journal article Studies in Literature and Language

On Personality Development of Connie in D. H. Lawrence's Lady Chatterley's Lover from Tripartite Theory in Freud's Psychoanalysis

Academic journal article Studies in Literature and Language

On Personality Development of Connie in D. H. Lawrence's Lady Chatterley's Lover from Tripartite Theory in Freud's Psychoanalysis

Article excerpt

Abstract

Lady Chatterley's Lover is D.H.Lawrence's most debatable works. In this novel, we can find transformation of the personality of the heroine, Connie. To have a better view of how she develops her personality, we will apply Freudian psychoanalytic approach to the gradual changes of her character. The significance of this analysis lies in that through understanding of the personality development of the heroine, we can grasp the essence of Lawrence's philosophical ideal of "balance of two sexes" in relation to its surroundings, the healing effects of harmonious relationship between men and women in the distorted industrialized society.

Key words: D.H.Lawrence; Lady Chatterley's Lover; Freudian psychoanalytical approach; Personality development

INTRODUCTION

Lady Chatterley's Lover is D.H.Lawrence's most debatable works. After being banned for many years, it comes to the public's view again. In general, it shows us a fundamental question about being bound by a distorted marriage or setting oneself free for the pursuit of true love. To probe it deeper, we can find it is a book quintessentially about human nature. The heroine, Connie, usually we call it lady Chatterley, provides us with an insight into the relationship between men and women in the 19th century England, especially in the process of industrialization. According to D.H. Lawrence, industrialization, though brings people with material wealth, distorts people's relationship to some extent. Considering this, Lawrence advocates a balance between two sexes. True love may be the best therapy for psychological problems of men in an industrialized and sophisticated environment. This novel is written with a big outlook on industrialized England, and the personality development of Connie through Freudian psychoanalysis, to be specific, his tripartite theory about personality development, enables us to catch a glimpse of the whole picture.

1. LITERARY REVIEW

Tracking back to the research on D.H.Lawrence's works, we can find Freudian psychoanalysis have been applied to readings of the works (Weiss, 1962; Wright, 1989; Fernihough, 2003). They set out the history of psychological and psychoanalytic approaches to Lawrence. The novel Lady Chatterley's Lover is a particular case.

Sexual motive is what psychoanalysis touches frequently. Lawrence's recognition of women's sexuality in Lady Chatterley's Lover was advanced for his timeeven liberating. A psychoanalytical reading of the Lady Chatterley eroticism in D.H.Lawrence's Lady Chatterley's Lover is based on Freud's theory of the three stages in the development of infantile sexuality (Doherty, 1998).

The character, Connie is also a case of psychoanalysis of the relationship between self and society. Connie, nearly destroyed by subjection to the oedipal law-logos of the father, returns to the pre- oedipal mirror to observe the damage done to her bodily identity. Connie's hatred constitutes a self and social criticism that facilitates the breakdown of her old mode of consciousness, thus further preparing her for a new one (Burack, 1997).

As regards to Lady Chatterley in this novel, the researches focus on the following aspects: her sexual desires from being hidden in her unconsciousness to the gradual exposure in her consciousness; the romance between Connie and Mellors; the regeneration of her body and spirit from the dynamics with Mellors. Then the analysis lead further to the psychological questions: the relationship between man and woman, and also self and the society. Connie's relationship with Mellors reveals Lawrence's ethics of two sexes, which can be described as the harmony reached between them through ritual love affair (concerning mythological and archetypal approach) based on "Blood Consciousness".

But some researches above sound mystical, for example, about "Blood Consciousness". The researchers seem to be very ideal for proposing this term without offering specific evidence on how so called "Blood Consciousness" works to give Connie a new birth, both physically and mentally. …

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