Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Organizational Culture and the Organizational Commitment; Correlational Study in Hospital Staffs

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Organizational Culture and the Organizational Commitment; Correlational Study in Hospital Staffs

Article excerpt

Abstract

Organizations need the committed manpower to provide effectiveness and progress which is an important factor in order to achieve organizational goals. According to this, organizational culture increases employees commitment in the organization by their accepted norms and values. Actually, the organization environment & its prevailing culture, affects on the organizational commitment of staff. This study was conducted to assess relationship between the organizational culture and the organizational commitment among staff of elected hospirals in Tehran University of Medical Sciences.

This descriptive study accomplished at 2013. The study population was hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences included the two hospitals "Vali Asr" & "farabi". Also in hospitals, study populations were all hospital staffs (Administrative and Clinical). Data collection was done using a three parts questionnaire including: the first one contains background information, the second part consists of questions related to organizational culture based on Denison model and the third part includes questions related to organizational Commitment based on Porter model. Validity and reliability were confirmed through getting the opinions of experts and using Cronbach's alpha.

Data analysis was done by SPSS software using Pearson correlation test and the test "t" to determine the relation between the areas of culture and commitment to the type of hospitals.

In organizational culture, maximum average & standard deviation has been seen in professional identity (4.74±1.38). Except for the two dimentions of conflict & communication patterns, a significant relation between the organizational culture dimentions and two hospitalas was seen. Also, in the organizational commitment, the maximum average & standard deviation was seen in continuous commitment scope. Overally, average & standard deviation (3.18±0.76) has been obtained for organizational commitment component; also there was significant relation between the emotional commitment dimention & the type of the hospital. This relationship wasn't meaningful in another dimentions. Except for the conflict dimension, there was significant correlations between the organizational culture dimension& the organizational commitment (p<0.05). Also, this correlation was between the organizational culture and the organizational commitment (r=0.552)

Designing an appropriate and justified "reward mechanism" and development of "teamwork" skills between employees can increase their organizational commitment positively and improve hospital performances.

Keywords: organizational culture, organizational commitment, hospital staff, Denison

1. Introduction

Efficiency achievement is one of the main goals of any organization .To achieve this goal, a systemic, native and applied approach is required. Success of organizations with the minimum facilities & Failure of organizations with the best possibilities in recent decades indicate the significant role of non-material and spiritual factors in organizations(Cameron & Quinn, 2011). On the other hand, Organizations need to expert, skilled, committed & qualified staff to the organization and apply their extreme degree of precision for perform their duties to manage the tasks,. Failure to Creating coherence and union among the members in the Organization increases necessary expenses required to precise control. Hence, organizations with employees which internalized the values and goals and believe the values and the goals on themselves, assures that act in order to serve the interests of the organization(Mowday, Steers, & Porter, 1979).

Nowadays, change and transformation rapidly grow in the world and in this variable and complex environment, those organizations will be successful that are able to adapt to these changes. One of the major factors to this is the Organizational culture, because of dependence of Strategy implementation on organizational culture. …

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