Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Literary Text as a Unit of Culture in the Classes of Russian as a Second Language

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Literary Text as a Unit of Culture in the Classes of Russian as a Second Language

Article excerpt

Abstract

This article discusses some features of using literary text as a unit of culture as didactic material in the classes of Russian as a second language. The theoretical premise of our study is the postulates of modern linguistics, functional stylistics, cultural linguistics, and linguodidactics. This scientific paper presents the interrelation of the literary text and culture, the criteria for the selection of the texts, and describes some aspects of the work with literary text in teaching Russian as a second language The author proposes a methodological description of the use of literary texts in teaching Russian as a foreign language. The article concludes that the literary text is important cultural information that should be considered while studying the Russian language.

Keywords: Russian as a second language, literary text, cultural text, cultural information, linguodidactics

1. Introduction

Modern linguistic education emphasizes the interrelated study of language and culture, due to the communicative and cultural language teaching conception (Vereschagin, 2005; Shakirova, 2008; Bystrova, 2007; Soureshjani, 2013; Watson, 2002; Karabulatova, 2013; Ter-Minasova, 2008; Zamaletdinov, 2012; Fattakhova, 2014 etc.). In this regard, studies on intercultural and interlingual communication, cultural linguistics and ethnolinguistics, ethnopsycholinguistics, cognitive linguistics, comparative typology of languages and cultures, and the problem of text and ethnopedagogics and etnomethodic, in particular, are currently of interest. It should be noted that the results of linguistic research are of practical importance for the teaching of language methods. In the process of teaching Russian as a second language, the interrelation between language and culture is transmitted by literary texts, which are the main didactic material. It is well known that the text is a unified communicative, cultural, informative and semantic, compositional and linguistic entity.

This article will examine some features of the literary text's use as a unit of culture, which is a didactic material in the classes of Russian as a second language.

2. Method

The study of the text as a unit of culture has attracted and continues to attract the attention of many researchers (Bakhtin, 1997; Deykina, 1998; Bolotnova, 2009 etc.).

Scientists concerned with such questions as what is the text of which characteristics of text are most important, which definition of the text is the most comprehensive, how through the text can be translated the culture, how to select texts in teaching Russian language and others. According to scientists, the greatest cultural information has artistic text. In this regard, we analyzed the scientific and methodological literature in terms of lingua methodic lighting it, the specifics of work with literary texts, but also studied the textbooks (textbooks and manuals) to determine the place assigned to it on cultural (artistic) texts.

In the modern methods of teaching Russian as a foreign language, literary text has a special place as a unit of culture, a form of communication and a didactic material, which have a great educational and aesthetic value. Some possibilities of the literary text are used for training, upbringing and initiation to Russian culture are considered in the studies of (Sayakhova, 2010; Hodyakova, 2011; Maslova, 2012; Zakirova, 2013; Mukhametshina, 2014 etc.).

It is well known that national and cultural peculiarities are brightly shown in literary texts. Literary texts are a source of culture and contain not only lexical and grammatical material, but also rich cultural information. In this regard, in modern linguistics and linguomethodic the approach to the text has become relevant as a cultural phenomenon, and is included in the scientific use of the term "cultural texts." A. Hodyakova defines cultural texts as "culturally-relevant texts, reflecting historical and cultural values of the people, their spirituality, aesthetic content, form, structure and lexicology. …

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