Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Mentors and Trainees Professional Interaction Features at the Modern Enterprises in Russia

Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Mentors and Trainees Professional Interaction Features at the Modern Enterprises in Russia

Article excerpt

Abstract

The modern condition of mentoring, which revived its traditions in conditions of information technology and intellectualization of modern enterprises is presented in the article. The meaning of such notions as a coach, mentor, intern, mentoring activities, corporate training, mentors and trainees professional cooperation peculiarities is revealed, selected types of mentoring on the content of activities and time characteristics are outlined and mentoring benefits are identified. The scope of the article's results application covers the practice of mentors corporate training, practice of mentors and trainees interaction, as well as the results obtained can be used in the development of modern provisions on mentoring.

Keywords: mentor, trainee, mentoring activities, mentoring, professional intercommunication

1. Introduction

Existing modern ideas, concepts, approaches, which are focused on vocational education system modernization, do not provide specialists full training for high-tech manufacture, which is characterized by computerization, intellectualization and emerging techniques and technologies (Shichkov 2013; Shaidullina, 2012). As a result, more than the half of professional knowledge volume the graduates of professional educational institutions are forced to get at job. Therefore, enterprises, receiving such graduates, have to search for optimal forms of their professional teaching (Masalimova et al., 2014; Merzon et al., 2015; Sibgatova et al., 2015; Shaidullina et al., 2015).

One of the forms aimed at young personnel professional competences effective formation and their corporate culture developing, facilitating successful social and professional adaptation is corporate training by certified mentoring corps, which allows to accumulate and share their professional experience, knowledge with the young personnel as well as encourages the disclosure of young specialists personal potential with the purpose of their professional development's individual trajectories definition.

In the sphere of activities, mentoring refers to the services provision, which includes information and professional experience transferring, the young personnel's personality potential disclosure. On functional-purpose application mentoring performs the following functions: organizational-managing, social-pedagogical, information and consultation, the correction-reorganization functions. By the content it is a kind of informal education, in which young employees digest the information, acquire professional knowledge and experience. On procedural characteristics mentoring involves the obtained, acquired and processed information transformation in formed professional competence (Klucharev & Pakhomova, 2008).

In the course of research we have seen that the field of mentoring system application are still expanded, and currently, this system is applied in the following spheres:

1) Areas in which technological progress is far ahead the process of professional knowledge and skills updating (IT, manufacture, i.e. sectors where the qualifications of the personnel doesn't demand the needs of the company and adversely affect the results of operations of the entire organization and leads to considerable financial losses.

2) Areas in which practical experience and high skills play a crucial role in professional duties implementation.

3) Professional activity, which is characterized by a high risk degree.

4) The enterprises where routinely technological procedures and equipment are periodically updated (industrial companies).

5) Enterprises, which are characterized by the employee turnover and, consequently, there is a need for mass and operational training of qualified personnel (Andreeva & Nechaev, 2013).

However, for mentoring system effective organization modern companies should be aware of its following characteristics:

- In conditions of modern enterprises the mentoring should be directed not only to professional knowledge and experience transferring, but also on personal potential development of the employee and to assume a more general training, basic skills;

- Mentoring has long implementation period that require organization and system approach. …

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