Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Dependence of the Social and Psychological Adaptability of Religiosity among First-Year Students

Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Dependence of the Social and Psychological Adaptability of Religiosity among First-Year Students

Article excerpt

Abstract

Modern society is in dire need of finding and developing ways of mental health self-control that allow people as painlessly as possible to overcome various kinds of stress. Religiosity, as personal quality, which is expressed in the aggregate of certain properties of consciousness, behavior and attitudes can be considered as a factor that certainly affects the social and psychological adaptability. The objective of the article is to show by an example of students whose age is less than eighteen years of age, correlation peculiarities of religion and a number of characteristics of social and psychological adaptability. To achieve the objective we have chosen relevant psychological tests and used statistical methods. It has been shown that the internal religiosity does not directly affect the general characteristics of such psychological adaptability as the ability to self-regulation of behavior, communication and socialization of students with low levels of external religiosity. However, regulating mechanisms of social and psychological adaptability of the subjects differ greatly. Aspects of the research may be used in theoretical courses of lectures on the psychology of religion and religious studies, social psychology, as well as in practical psychology to better understand the motives of young people and the development of individual-oriented psychocorrective techniques that promote social and psychological adaptability, taking into account the level of internal religiosity of customer identity.

Keywords: social and psychological adaptability, ego defense mechanisms, communicative tolerance, inner religiosity, self-regulation, students

1. Introduction

1.1 Issue Urgency

Concept of individuality, as a relatively stable socio-psychological education was fixed in psychology. Basic characteristics of a personality, ensuring its integrity and interaction diversity with the ever-changing environmental reality, are related with such concepts as resistance to a variety of stressors and ability to select different exit strategies from stressful situations adequately. Psychological well-being, therefore, is largely dependent on the availability of skills recognition and overcoming stressful situations, as well as the skills of mental conditions self-control (Prokhorov, 2014).

The low level of social and psychological adaptability entails serious complications in the process of interaction with other people, self-knowledge, self-determination, self-regulation of mental states. In practical psychology a large number of methods to carry out psychological correction in order to improve the mental health of a person are developed. Nevertheless, a problem of finding adequate means of influence on the person, taking into account his personality remains relevant (Shustova, 2008; Fitzsimons & Finkel, 2010).

Youth age is the age when the personality is still in its formative stages, active development. At this age, a person is able to be more flexible, he is opened to new information, he is able to cultivate social and psychological adaptability, as a complex property of the personality, as intrapsychic mechanism of behavior organization, as the basis of social adaptation (Grishanov & Tsurkan, 1990; Rean, 2006).

The concept of unconscious defense mechanisms of the Ego that is one of the basic positions of the psychoanalytic approach makes a significant contribution to the theory of psychological adaptation (Leibin, 2008). As we know, psychological defense mechanisms are updated in a stressful situation and fulfill a relieving function of intrapsychic conflict, that is, act as a means of resolving the conflict between the conscious and unconscious psyche realms. Today, most researchers believe that the function of defense mechanisms lies in intrapersonal conflict weakening (Granovskaya, 2007).

R. Plutchik offered original theoretical model of protection that is based on the general psycho-developmentary theory of emotions developed by him (Plutchik, 1990). …

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