Academic journal article Review of European Studies

University Students' Intercultural Competence Development in Foreign Language Teaching by Means of Axiological Approach

Academic journal article Review of European Studies

University Students' Intercultural Competence Development in Foreign Language Teaching by Means of Axiological Approach

Article excerpt

Abstract

The development of intercultural competence of students by means of a foreign language today is caused by a number of factors that are essential to the modern society. This modernization of the national education system, which currently includes such priorities as: provision of social mobility in society through the support of the most talented and active young people; support given to new generations to enter the globalized world through the development of young people's communicative abilities for intercultural understanding, etc. The article reveals the content of value-semantic potential of educational programs that can act as a factor of intercultural competence development of University students, which is the leading characteristic of the cultural development level of the individual and society as a whole. The results of experimental work suggest the viability of axiological approach as a principle of the implementation of educational activities aimed at developing students' certain personality traits (sense of community with others, along with their own self-determination in a multicultural environment; the desire to know people of other cultures and to establish productive relationships with them, the desire for effective implementation of the acquired knowledge and skills with the aim of understanding the world, etc.).

Keywords: inter-cultural competence, axiological approach, educational activities, university students

1. Introduction

1.1 Actualizing the Problem

One of the priorities of educational policy is a radical improvement of the system of vocational education meant to train a highly qualified staff. In this regard, the main result of the activities of educational institutions should not be a system of knowledge and skills, but a set of core competencies in various fields, where the leading position is taken by inter-cultural competence. Realization of this problem does not occur spontaneously, it is carried out in the course of a systematic, targeted training. Humanities, in particular "the foreign language", focused primarily on the formation of inter-cultural competence of future specialists who will work in the context of globalization in a multicultural environment. The content of vocational training should be, therefore, aimed at the positive changes in the training of future professionals of the humanitarian sphere, contributing to their employment and career growth.

1.2 Explore Importance of the Problem

Pedagogical understanding of axiological approach as a guiding principle of students' inter-cultural competence development led to the search of value standards in the educational process, contributing to a person's axiological potential accumulation and growth that can take place only on the basis of cultural values.

Study and analysis of psychological and pedagogical literature have shown that for the modern training of the staff in the context of inter-ethnic integration a transition is needed from formal knowledge to competency paradigm of education, and then-to opportunities necessary for the full formation of inter-cultural competence of students. The study defined the phenomenology of inter-cultural competence. Given the main aspects of axiological approach, inter-cultural competence is an integrated systematic formation of humanistic outlook, including high culture of interpersonal communication and developed cultural level; knowledge, skills, and ways of working that allow the individual to carry out activities in a modern, multicultural space; ability to show tolerance, friendliness and other positive feelings and emotions, as well as to act on the basis of valuable self-determination in accordance with the social demands and expectations.

In this context, during the process of forming the inter-cultural competence within the academic discipline "The Foreign Language" considering professional orientation of learning in higher education, it is important to give students a clear understanding of the cultural and historical places of the country the language is spoken in; form students' skills to evaluate the achievements of the target language culture based on knowledge of the historical context of their appearance; develop young people's ability to master ethnic cultures of other nations in history and literature; develop students' understanding of the role of the target language and its culture to civilization as a whole; raise the level of general culture of students; contribute to the development of intercultural competence on the basis of the development of the foundations of political and economic terminology of the language studied. …

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