Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Personality-Related Factors of Self-Fulfillment in Professional Activities

Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Personality-Related Factors of Self-Fulfillment in Professional Activities

Article excerpt

Abstract

The article contains analysis of processes and mechanisms for self-fulfillment in professional activities, describes its criteria. It includes results of empiric research of personal determinants behind the individual's self-fulfillment, broaches the difficulties faced by an individual in his/her self-fulfillment. The work is oriented on the review of personal determinants of the professional self-fulfillment. Authors conducted a survey on the personal determinants of self-fulfillment. It has confirmed that level of self-fulfillment is linked, primarily, with achievements in professional activities and particularities of motivation. The work asserted that people with a high level of self-fulfillment are in their perceptions more oriented on themselves, self-analysis, achievement of professional results and people with average and low levels of self-fulfillment are more oriented on approval by manager, attainment of status. An individual should be able to transform difficulties and obstacles in order to create new circumstances or change them due to personal transformation of goals, intentions, expectations and claims.

Keywords: self-fulfillment, professional activities, personal determinants

1. Introduction

Nowadays, the issues of self-fulfillment, personal efficiency and competitive performance are becoming even more critical. This is caused by the life activity growth, complications in processing of significant volume of information, high level of competition, particularly in the field of professional activities. There is an ever-increasing number of companies arriving at the conclusion that the personnel is the most important asset, that needs to be developed and maintained for the purpose of enhancement of efficiency in the entity's functioning. Therefore, the need for training and advancement of the employees' professional skills is critical; the services of coachers, entity's psychologists and personal career consultants are becoming in ever-increasing demand. At the same time, the majority of entities are faced with a problem of low efficiency of the applied programs, trainings, consultations among the employees, since the above measures are forced upon the employees and are not supported by personal initiatives; therefore, prior to applying various strategies for personnel development, one should identify those individuals who are indeed interested.

Lately, one observes an ever-growing interest towards technologies of professional development of a party of professional activities. This issue becomes a critical scientific and practical challenge, because the contemporary society undergoes rapid complex innovations in the professional field, witnesses extension of a range of professional activities, changes in social and economic relationships. These factors predetermine availability of new requirements to a party in charge of activities, process of its development and self-fulfillment, which explains a timely character of the present science paper, its goal, a circle of science-related tasks, methodological basis and directions for practical implementation.

2. The Purpose and Goals of the Research

The purpose of the present research consists in theoretical substantiation and survey into practical results of influence of personal factors of self-fulfillment on professional activities of employees. The purpose set has pre-determined a circle of research tasks, which are proposed for resolving during the research, specifically:

1) Research into the essence of the self-fulfillment phenomenon, its inter-relation with, and difference from, similar notions: self-development, self-determination, self-perfection and self-actualization;

2) Definition of the notion of professional self-fulfillment and development, particularities of creation of professional conscience as a consequence of professional self-fulfillment, its components;

3) Research into personal factors of self-fulfillment, levels and mechanisms of personal development;

4) Practical research into results of influence of personal determinants of self-fulfillment on the professional activities of employees through respondents' polling and creation of volume of data pertaining to the results of assessment of the issues under research, in accordance with the following directions:

- Study of conduct strategies in a conflict;

- Study of interpersonal relationships;

- Study of particularities of social and psychological adaptation of personality;

- Motivation behind professional activities;

- Analysis of motivational structure of personality;

- Characteristics of motivation behind avoidance of failures;

- Research into motivation behind success;

- Characteristics of carrier orientations;

- Research into orientations in professional activities. …

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