Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Enhancement of the Mechanism of Economic Regulation of Environment Protection and Nature Management in the Republic of Kazakhstan Based on the Use of Foreign Experience

Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Enhancement of the Mechanism of Economic Regulation of Environment Protection and Nature Management in the Republic of Kazakhstan Based on the Use of Foreign Experience

Article excerpt

Abstract

The paper is concerned with comprehensive research of academic and application problems of legal groundwork for the mechanism of economic regulation of environment protection and nature management in the Republic of Kazakhstan. The paper deals with theoretic and methodological ideas of the radical change of the mechanism of economic regulation of environment protection and nature management under the conditions of the Republic of Kazakhstan shift to green economy. The work reveals basic definitions and categories, principles and structure elements of the mechanism of economic regulation of environment protection and nature management, the genesis of establishing and basic tendencies of legal regulation of the economic mechanism of environment protection and nature management are represented, the analysis of modern legislation part that regulates economic methods of environment protection and nature management is carried out, the issues of its legal groundwork efficiency upgrading are studied. As a result of researches theoretic principles and recommendation for the Republic of Kazakhstan's existing legislation and application practice improvement are stated.

Keywords: green economy, environmental protection, natural resource use, environmental safety, environmental damage, environmental audit, environmental monitoring, desertification, erosion, anthropogenic factors

1. Introduction

Environment protection economic regulation issues in the Republic of Kazakhstan are topical more than ever, which is associated with the proclamation of the Republic of Kazakhstan shift to green economy that was made in 2013. Green economy is defined as an economy of high living standards, careful and rational use of natural resources for the sake of current and future generations and in accordance with assumed international ecological commitments, including Rio Declaration on Environment and Development and Agenda 21, Johannesburg plan and Millennium Declaration (Davidyuk, 2008). In order to bring this shift about it's necessary to take stringent measures for environmental quality preservation even today. Shift to green economy is attributable to a number of factors. First of all, major economic sectors demonstrate ineffective resource management. "According to experts' estimates it leads to loss of profits in the amount of 4-8 billion US dollars per year, it may make up to 14 billion US dollars by 2030" (National mitigation banking association http://www.mitigationbanking.org/).

Secondly, there is degeneration of land quality due to natural processes of desertification, erosion, and due to anthropogenous factor (contamination, pollution, irrational use). Thirdly, there's a problem of rational use and water conservation in the Republic of Kazakhstan. The chosen theme is on the fringe of economics and legal science, for that reason a number of basic studies were carried out by academics economists.

Thus, such authors as Kosyakova (2007), Soltanbekova (2009), Chkhutiashvili (2012), and many others handled the issues of environment protection economic regulation. Theoretical issues of environmental economics are presented with the works of Bobylyova (2008), Girusova (1998), Hodzhaeva (2008) and others.

Though thesis researches are represented by academics economists, they give coverage to only one element of the financial regulation of environment protection. Thus, the following theses were defended: "Ecological taxes as an instrument of environmental mechanism: EU experience and prospects for Russia" (Lutkovskaya, 2008), "Budget mechanism rational use of natural resources and environment protection" (Toguzova, 2007), "Environmental protection measures regulation by means of taxes" (Freddy, 2002).

Some papers were concerned with economic mechanism development at production facilities (Davidyuk, 2008).

T. V. Burmistrova's "Economic regulation of environmental safety of Russia" thesis work is of complex nature (Burmistrova, 2000). …

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