Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Realization of Copyright in Russia in the Sphere of Scientific Articles: The Experience of Applied Sociological Analysis

Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Realization of Copyright in Russia in the Sphere of Scientific Articles: The Experience of Applied Sociological Analysis

Article excerpt

Abstract

In this paper we on the basis of expert interview method generalize and analyze real social practices of Russian scientific journals linked to the realization of copyright allocation when publishing scientific articles. It was found that conclusion of written copyright agreement is performed only in exceptional cases and there are three types of such cases. The analysis of copyright allocation between an author and a journal showed the dependence of the allocation on the journal's policy. As a rule, practically all the property rights, except for the right for author's copy, are passed to journal. We also analyze the conditions for allocation of journal's issues in the Internet. We have established that policy of Russian journals often includes granting of open access to articles. Main types of violations committed by Russian authors in respect of journals are generalized. The authors of the paper come to the conclusion that despite the fact the legislative framework concerning turnover and protection of intellectual property in the Russian Federation is by and large formed, the everyday practice in this area demonstrates significant stagnation in implementation of legally set standards. The realization of copyright in the sphere of publication of scientific articles in Russian journals in everyday practice is mainly regulated by the system of informal standards. Among them there are still the standards applied in the Soviet times.

Keywords: copyright, copyright agreement, royalty, strategies of behaviour of journals, allocation of copyright

1. Introduction

The integration of Russian science into the world scientific community causes the number of problems linked to the necessity of formation in Russia of scientific space that would comply with world's standards in this area. One of such problems is the problem of institutionalization of civilized standards for copyright in Russian practice of publication of scientific articles in correspondent journals. The research conducted by us shows that such institutionalization has just started and is being quite far from its completion, while the dialogue between Russian and world science requires equivalence of Russian standards that realize the copyright in the sphere of publication of scientific articles to the standards of modern civilization.

The aims of this paper are: analysis of main problem areas of copyright realization in the sphere of publication of scientific articles in Russian scientific journals and generalization and analysis of strategies of behaviour of scientific journals in the domain of copyright.

The present analysis gives us opportunity of finding the ways for further improvement of Russian journals' work with authors, implementation to the practice of this work of social norms promoting the integration of Russian science into the world scientific process.

2. Literature Review

The development of copyright problematics in both-western and Russian scientific literature-is being the prerogative of the legal fraternity. However, in the western literature along with common works, which reveal main principles for construction of system and functioning of copyright (Bently & Sherman, 2001; Blanco White & Jacob, 1986; Ramalho A, 2014; Peukert, 2011; Kunstadt, 2014), there are works illustrating separate aspects for realization of copyright for products of science (Pila, 2010). Thus, there are wide-spread discussions of matters linked to the specificity of requirements to the degree of work's originality that allows considering it as of authorship (Lavik & van Gompel, 2013; Gervais, 2002; Rahmatian, 2013). In these works various approaches are covered and the solutions on defining the degree of originality in legislations of developed countries are suggested.

The emphasis is put on the researches related to the studying of permissible degree of freedom of expression in works of authorship (Geider & Izyumenko, 2014). …

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