Academic journal article Current Politics and Economics of Russia, Eastern and Central Europe

Ukraine: Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards*

Academic journal article Current Politics and Economics of Russia, Eastern and Central Europe

Ukraine: Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards*

Article excerpt

REPORT HIGHLIGHTS

There have been some changes affecting agricultural product quality, safety, and sanitation regulations in Ukraine since the submission of the last report. Ukraine undertook an Administrative Reform and actively changed names and authorities of state regulatory bodies. Significant changes took place in the Conformity Certification area (see Section VI). Information on Food Laws (Section I) was significantly updated and changed. Contact information for Ukrainian regulatory authorities has been updated to match new regulatory functions.

SECTION I. FOOD LAWS

The Office of Agricultural Affairs of the USDA/Foreign Agricultural Service in Kyiv, Ukraine prepared this report for the U.S. exporters of domestic food and agricultural products. While every possible care was taken in the preparation of this report, information provided may not be completely accurate either because policies have changed since the time this report was written, or because clear and consistent information about these policies was not available. It is highly recommended that U.S. exporters verify the full set of import requirements with their foreign customers, who are normally best equipped to research such matters with local authorities, before any goods are shipped.

FINAL IMPORT APPROVAL OF ANY PRODUCT IS SUBJECT TO THE IMPORTING COUNTRY'S RULES AND REGULATIONS AS INTERPRETED BY BORDER OFFICIALS AT THE TIME OF PRODUCT ENTRY.

Ukraine possesses a complicated and costly food safety system inherited from the Soviet Union. Controls are implemented by various state agencies that often have overlapping functions. In late 2010 the Government of Ukraine (GOU) started a major reform of the regulatory system aimed at reducing the number of controlling bodies and clear separation of their authorities. Although GOU intended to finish most of the transformation by the end of 2011, the process is still in progress and likely not to be finished by 2013. The authority scopes of both new and old agencies in transformation are provided in the report where possible. Due to ongoing reform these scopes are changing over time. So far the reform has not led to simplification of food import regime. The reader is encouraged to contact FAS/Kyiv at the addresses below should questions arise regarding regulations or regulatory system.

The following GOU agencies are involved in assuring the safety of domestically produced and imported food products, and animal and plant health issues:

* The State Epidemiological Service (SES) of the Ministry of Health Care of Ukraine (MHCU) establishes food safety standards and is responsible for all aspects of food safety. However in early 2013 the SES is to suffer a major workforce reduction (approximately two times lower) with major structure change. The new entities will be called "Public Health Centers" instead of "Sanitary-Epidemiological Stations." A lot of food safety control functions are expected to be transferred to the State Veterinary and Phytosanitary Service;

* The State Veterinary and Phytosanitary Service (SVPS) is responsible for animal health, safety and wholesomeness of meat, seafood, other products of animal origin and live animals (State Phytosanitary Inspection Service of the Ministry of Agricultural Policy and Food of Ukraine has not fully joined the SVPS as intended by regulatory reform. It functions separately and is responsible for plant health issues);

* The Agricultural Inspection Service (AIS) of the Ministry of Agricultural Policy and Food of Ukraine (MAPFU) is responsible for plant varieties;

* The State Inspection for Consumer Rights Protection is responsible for compliance of food products with Technical Requirements and safety norms (listed in outdated State Standards which are voluntary for non-safety parts) if they are not controlled by other agencies and not covered by the new Technical Requirements.

* The State Ecological Inspection Service (SEIS) of the Ministry of Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine (MENRU) is responsible for radiological and environmental control. …

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