Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

On Family-School-Symbiosis Paradigm for Education Development

Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

On Family-School-Symbiosis Paradigm for Education Development

Article excerpt


Family is the space-time field which entails the closest connection with the individual development. To promote the all-round development of individuals is the common goal of family and school. At present, the practical situation in China's education is that family shirks its responsibility for education, and society resigns itself from education. Taking symbiotic theory as the theoretical foundation, this study proposes the family-school-symbiosis paradigm for education development, and attempts to seek pragmatic ways to practice such paradigm upon the analysis of the realistic difficulties of family education and social education.

Key words: Family-school relationship; Family-school-symbiosis; Paradigm; Sysmbiosis paradigm; Education development


As a long-lasting and valuable element of a long history, family is closely connected to individuals and the society they live by. School is the product generated when the development of social civilization reaches a certain degree. It is also the spatial expansion of family based on the awareness of having division of labor as well as cooperation. According to the current popular discourse, education seems to primarily be related to school, unconsciously to the exclusion of family. This situation essentially explains why so many problems exist in China's education: Considered as the central field of education, school takes up too many responsibilties. It is thus no wonder that there appear those problems. Up to now, the reform of elementary education has stepped into its arduous stage where quality-oriented education comes to a stalemate with examination-oriented education, education fairness suffers lots of criticism, and the overall advance for educational development becomes more difficult and so on. Under such condition, it is necessary and urgent to change the paradigm for education development, highlight the original function of family education and construct a family-school-symbiosis paradigm for education development.


1.1 Metaphor of Family

The concept of family is so familiar to individuals that it is almost overlooked. Family is a sector which is the most closely associated with the individuals' development spatio-temporally. It is also a site where the individuals lead the whole span of their life. In terms of its connotation, family is metaphorical into the harbor of one's journey in life, the stage to pass intergenerational roles and the code to advance the social evolvement.

In the aspect of individuals' development, family is viewed as the harbor of the journey of life. Human development starts from the babyhood and then to the childhood, the teenage period, the adolescence, the middle-age period and senescence sequentially. "The primary transmission from biological creatures into social beings is conducted in the family" (Fei, 2013). Family education is where one's lifelong education starts and ends, school education may be dominant in certain periods during this course. Taking a panoramic view of the whole span of life, however, family is both the starting point and the ending point for the formation and update of individual value, the development of moral character, emotional experience, the cultivation of common sense and viability, and the acquirement and accumulation of experience. In a word, family provides a shelter of the most loyalty and security for individuals' development.

In the aspect of human evolution, family is viewed as the stage where roles are passed from generation to generation. In the history of human development, family is always a developmental sector of the most stability and importance. Meanwhile, affection between family members with the same ties of blood serves as a preferred bond to link and maintain the relation among them.

The continuation of human life is achieved by the way of intergenerational transmission, coupled with the passing on of human survival and accumulation. …

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