Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

Study on the Capability Construction of Wetland Community Ecological Tourism Participation- the Case of Luoshijiang Wetland in Dali

Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

Study on the Capability Construction of Wetland Community Ecological Tourism Participation- the Case of Luoshijiang Wetland in Dali

Article excerpt

Abstract

Wetland ecological tourism is a sustainable traveling form. Community participation is an important part of the development of wetland ecological tourism, while high-quality ecological tourism participation requires certain quality and professional skills among wetland farmers. The study chooses Luoshijiang Wetland Community as the example and elaborates on the contents of wetland community's ability of ecological tourism, periodical arrangements, organization and implementation and so on based on the current situation of the community. Besides, the study is of great importance to enable villagers to take part in the development of tourism smoothly in the wetland community, realize farmers' active maintenance of the wetland's ecological environment, inheritance and development of the wetland community's internal culture, and promote the double sustainability of wetland's ecological environmental protection and ecological tourism.

Keywords: community participation, ecological tourism, Luoshijiang wetland

1. Introduction

In 1993, International Ecotourism Society defined ecological tourism as "a traveling activity that undertakes dual responsibilities, i.e., protecting natural environment and maintaining local residents' livelihood" (Wu Chucai, 2009; Scheyens, 1999). The definition regards community participation as one important standard for inspecting ecological tourism. Wetland's ecological tourism, as a new and special tourism form, it focuses on protection of ecological environment and environmental education (Wang Lilong, 2009). It is a sustainable tourism form (Wang Jun, 2011). As an important benefit group in the development of ecological tourism site, farmers' high-quality tourism participation in the wetland community is of critical significance for the successful development of wetland tourism, promotion of environmental protection and facilitation of farmers' pursuit of wealth. Nevertheless, high-quality tourism participation requires that farmers in the wetland community should possess certain quality and professional skills (Chen Zhiyong, 2009; Sun Jiuxia, 2009). However, from the situation of many developed wetland ecological tourism communities, we can see that the farmers in the wetland are generally poorly educated with weak skills in tourism industry. It is hard for them to ensure high-quality tourism participation. A number of unexpected problems have appeared. For example, relevant benefit groups' responsibilities are implicit; villagers' subjective positions are not fully highlighted; community demonstrates strong dependence and low tourism participation ability; the benefit coordination mechanism is not complete; profits are not fairly distributed; there is a lack of the ability of analyzing, grasping and applying the market; there is a lack of the ability of understanding their own culture, exhibition ability and inheritance ability so that ecological tourism products are primary, single and inconsistent with tourism resources' values. Villagers lack the awareness of tourism services and ability; the service quality cannot be ensured. Moreover, the little mastery of environmental knowledge and lack of explaining skills restrict from providing tourists with high-quality ecological tourism products. The shocks of external culture intensify the changes of national culture. The tourism products' local design ability is weak. Besides, the tourism products lack or are short of local features. Tourism benefits motivate children's dropout of school. The development of tourism increases the pressure on ecological environment, etc. (Hu Xiao, 2009; Chen biao, 2008; Sun Jiuxia, 2009; Sun Jiuxia, 2010). Therefore, at present, the pertinent construction of wetland community's ability of ecological tourism is of great importance to improving residents' quality, bettering farmers' professional skills and promoting the double sustainable development of wetland ecological tourism and environmental protection. …

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