Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Problems of the Mythological Personages in the Ancient Turkic Literature

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Problems of the Mythological Personages in the Ancient Turkic Literature

Article excerpt

Abstract

The article deals with the problems of mythological personages in literature and culture of the Turkic peoples. It is known that the tribes of Turkic ancient epochs formed the nomad culture. And the basic core of this culture was the mythology. Since ancient times, the Turkic state called themselves "people chosen by God", as it was evidenced by the information from the ancient runic writings. In the Yenisei runic it was called a state. This ancient mythological cycle is an integral part of the public cult of the Turk Empire. Descendants of "Kokturk" that first led a nomadic life, settled along the endless expanses from Mongolia to Europe, interacting with many nations, interpenetrating in a different environment, adopting their culture; some of them got accustomed to a sedentary lifestyle. Turkic tribes, known in history books under the general title 'the Turk Khanate', later began to found their own state and form their own history and literature. In the process of investigation the authors revealed their scientific viewpoints and hypotheses, compared and generalized them.

Keywords: the ancient Turkic literature, mythological personages, Orkhon manuscripts, Nomad culture, Kokbory

1. Introduction

It is important to consider that in the wide range of mythology of the Turkic peoples, we focused namely on the mythology of the Turkic tribes who lived from ancient times in Altai, Siberia and Mongolia. The reason for this is that among the Turkic peoples living in the Altai region and Siberia, the mythical and mythological stories have been preserved in their original form compared to other Turkic peoples. And mythology of the Turkic peoples, located in the west and south-west of Eurasia, has had long ties with sedentary peoples and has undergone numerous changes. A special fighting spirit in defending the lands of their tribes that spread from Ashin clan, features of the formation of ancient Turkic statehood, the emergence of khagans, have repeatedly been the subject of scientific analysis.

The ancient clans who founded the Kazakh statehood had existed under the influence of various religions, despite the fact that they did not worship themselves, but still took religion of the settlement, where they were involved. Originating in the Turkish-Chinese region, Buddhism, Shamanism of our ancient ancestors, Zarathushtra religion, originating from the Aryans and Saks, the Islamic religion - all this at one time brought ancient Kazakh clans several myths associated with religion.

There is no doubt that in the mythology of the Turkic speaking peoples of Central Asia, Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, there is a set of plots and repetitives which are close to each other. This is evidence of the fact that the roots of the Turkic peoples are the same. To determine the generality of the images in the mythology, we are comparing the genetics of those people, the religion of that time and can identify distinctive features. Diversion in mythology originates from the early beliefs of the people who lived since the creation of the world.

Let's reveal the details of the origin of the images kokbory - "blue wolf", the bird Samuryk, diva, aydahar, found in the course of this research in mythologies of the Turkic-speaking peoples.

2. Method

In fact it is more likely that for centuries, awareness of the family tree of ancestors has been a phenomenon peculiar to the Turkic-speaking peoples of Central Asia. They consider themselves as descendants of one animal which was their ancestor. For example, the Tibetans believed their ancestors to be monkeys: a he-monkey and a she-monkey Raksha (Angel of the forest); the Mongols -descendants of a blue wolf and a deer; the Teles people - descendants of a wolf and a daughter of the king of the Huns; Turks say they descended from a she- wolf and prince of the Huns. Hence, the distribution of ancient lineage starts with the presentation of the origin of a single common ancestor, the blue wolf that represents power of the spirit and power. …

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