Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Social-Communicative Innovations in Anti-Corruption Activities (Regional Aspect)

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Social-Communicative Innovations in Anti-Corruption Activities (Regional Aspect)

Article excerpt

Abstract

The essence and character of implementation of social communications technologies in the process of anti-corruption activities of organs of power and civil society have been analyzed. The authors based their research on the social communications approach and the "Corruption formula" determined by R.Klitgaard. Based on the analysis of the results opinion surveys, dissatisfaction of the population with the outcomes of anti-corruption policy carried out by the government, demand for transition from declarativity of the principle of transparency of the government to open data, to expansion of anti-corruption enforcement initiated by citizens have been acknowledged. To solve the problems detected integrative communication technologies have been suggested.

Keywords: communication, innovation, social technology, corruption, anti-corruption policy, mass media, openness of the government, public and civil communication

1. Introduction

Corruption, permeating all areas of life of Russian society, is recognized both by the government and by citizens as a topical social problem demanding complex, systematic countermeasures initiated both by the government and by civil society. Traditional methods of resistance are complemented by innovative social management technologies. Both traditional measures whose effectiveness has been proved and up-to-date, demanded by the time technologies comprise the following components: regulatory, organizational and management, and information communication. As the "social state" declared in the Constitution of the Russian

Federation is based on law, regulatory measures might be classified as solely traditional ones. Yet, the paradox is that the state permeated by corruptive deals had no legislatively defined notion of corruption until the end of the first decade of the current century. Penalty for this deviancy was confined to a few articles of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation: bribe-taking and bribe-giving (article 290-291); bribery in a profit-making organization (article 204); abuse of official powers (article 285); exceeding official powers (article 286). It was only in 2008 that the National plan on fight against corruption was worked out and Russian Federation Presidential Decree of May 19, 2008 No. 815 "On measures of anti-corruption enforcement" enacted, and on December 25, 2008 the long-awaited Federal Law No. 273-FZ "On anti-corruption enforcement" adopted. In this way, the "age" of full-scale normative legal regulation of fight against corruption in Russia is only 6 years, which is historically insignificant in the framework of the state development. Besides, taking into consideration the social dynamics, the law is continuously being amended, acquiring more up-to-date regulatory prescriptions. Considering that the specific content of any innovation is change, the main function of innovative activity is the function of social change. According to J. Schumpeter, the reasoning behind innovations contains a new moment of dynamicizing economic development (Schumpeter, 1982). There is no doubt that legal regulation of economic relations in the system "administrative elite - business community - citizens", introduction of legal arrangements of lobbyism, legal compliance on the lower level of relationships "government officials - population" might assist reduction of corruption in society, and so "dynamicizing economic development". Considering all that, the political decision to form the regulatory legal environment for "recovery"-improvement of society can be ranked among innovative methods of anti-corruption enforcement. According to regulatory prescriptions, administrative management aspect of federal and regional anti-corruption events also undergoes changes. Since diffusion and distribution of organizational and legal innovations is realized in the framework of informational process through acquisition-understanding- distribution, it is information communication component of organizational innovations that is the essence of innovativeness of modern anti-corruption policy. …

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