Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Key Performance Indicators (KPI) System in Education

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Key Performance Indicators (KPI) System in Education

Article excerpt

Abstract

This article conducts the analysis of key performance indicators (KPI) applied in Russian educational system today. Analysis of foreign researchers' scientific approaches to the practice of application of such performance indicators as citation index and number of publications in magazines was conducted from the point of view of the accuracy of performance evaluation of scientific and teaching staff. Evaluation of indicators significance is made. Comparative analysis of basic performance indicators that Russian leading universities are going to reach in 2020 in their programs of competitive growth among world leading scientific and educational centers is given.

Keywords: key performance indicator, educational system, citation index, number of publications

1. Introduction

One of the latest tendencies of education system in Russia and system of higher education in particular is a dynamic transition to management system based on key performance indicators (KPI). KPI give opportunity to evaluate the performance of actions of individual employees and also of particular divisions (departments, research laboratories, scientific centers, faculties, branches) and of educational institution as a whole. However in order to apply KPI it is necessary to take into account many factors and also to consider 50-year experience of foreign education system of applying different performance indicators for evaluation of results of scientific and educational institutes as a whole and results of individual researchers and teachers.

2. Theoretic Background

Necessity and efficiency of key performance indicators in foreign educational institutions is being under discussion for a long period of time. For example, an article about usefulness of citation index in science by E. Garfield published in Science magazine in 1955 (Garfield, 1955), and his further researches of this issue (Garfield, 1979) were widely spread.

Foreign science has also studied in details questions of application of different performance indicators to evaluation of efficiency of school education (Adnett & Davies, 1999; Broadbent et al., 1999; Visscher, 2001), and also to evaluation of work results of library and information center employees (Oppenheim, 1995). In particular article by Anderson with an impressive title "No citation analyses please, we're British" published by Science magazine has caused a wide response and vigorous discussion in foreign scientific literature (Anderson, 1991). Practical application of key performance indicator in British system of education and scientific researches in general and also skeptic attitude of many British researchers to the necessity to evaluate the results of their scientific activity by citation indexes only could be found in many works of that time and of the present (Narin, 1976).

Researches by B. Cronin and his colleagues of 90s years of XXth century prove that the number of citations of scientists works is one of the primary factors of academic reward system in foreign scientific, research, educational, informational institutions of all levels (Cronin, 1996; Cronin et al., 1997). However citation indexes represented in the most famous citation systems Web of science and Scopus do not include a considerable part of citations from monographic literature. Having analyzed thousands of references from monographs and leading scientific magazines B. Cronin and his colleagues found out that relative ranking of authors who had high citation indexes in monographic literature were often not very high or were not represented at all in magazines of the same period. B. Cronin found only very little overlapping between the most citied references in magazines and references to monographs. Authors drew a conclusion that citation in scientific magazines and citation in monographic and educational literature do not correlate; they also put forward a hypothesis that two types of authors' citation are possible. …

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