Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Social and Psychological Characteristic of a Victim of Sexual Violence

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

The Social and Psychological Characteristic of a Victim of Sexual Violence

Article excerpt

Abstract

The article studies the nature of behavior of a victim of criminal violence; describes the social and psychological portrait of a potential victim of violent sexual actions; reveals the reasons of high victimity of a victim; analyzes the essence of behavior of a victim under the influence of the processes of expectation and socialization and their direct interaction; evaluates the influence of congenital and acquired mental abnormalities on the behavior of a victim of sexual violence, particularly, studies the incidences of disorders of sexual preference and other deviations from normal sexual behavior typical of the modern society.

Keywords: victim, victimity, sexual violence, mental deviations, motivation, instinct, demand, mental abnormalities, disorders of sexual preference, latency

1. Main Part

The personality of a victim is traditionally not considered by criminologists. Nevertheless, its role in commitment of violent offenses of sexual nature is extremely essential. Criminologists consider that personality is the carrier of reasons of crime commitment. certainly; first of all, it concerns the person guilty in commitment of a socially dangerous act. However, one should not underestimate the role of the victim in formation of sexual motivation, as well. It is sexual violence that is associated with the closest ties between the criminal and the victim.

Sexual violence inherently is the kind of criminal aggression connected, first of all, with socialization defects of the personality of both the criminal and the victim; with in-depth processes of degradation developing under the influence of destructive social processes or as a result of forming or existing mental abnormalities and mental disturbances, especially disorders of sexual preference and sexual identification.

The personality of a victim as well as the personality of a criminal is formed in the course of socialization, which is understood as "assignment of public properties to a person, the choice of the life journey, establishment of social ties ... and acquisition of certain social roles and functions". I.e. the society assigns certain social role status to the individual. Under the influence of society, the person chooses the way of his further development, sets socially significant purposes to himself, chooses acceptable ways of achievement of the specified purposes. The moral principles of behavior are formed with the individual, and the question of admissibility and legitimacy of certain affirmations and behavior variants is solved.

The very essence of behavior depends not only on the socialization process, but also on such phenomenon as expectation, which we understand as a system of expectations and requirements to standards of social roles performance by an individual - representing a version of social sanctions, which normalize the system of relations and interactions in a group. I.e. the society expects the individual to indicate the model of behavior, which corresponds to the role in the society that he/she has selected. Expectation determines the probabilistic nature of this role performance with account of the specific features of the individual and the particular life situation. In the researched case, it is a gender accessory and historically developed subordinate position of the woman or the teenager with respect to the man.

In the system of similar mutual relations, the determining role is played by role circumstances under the influence of socialization, on the one hand, and expectation, on the other hand.

There are three basic models of behavior of a victim:

The consciously provoking behavior - the victim consciously seeks contact with the rapist, whether by sympathy or by trusting him, considering flirtation and joint pastimes acceptable. The game motivation prevails with the victim; she does not deny the possibility of sexual relations or hints at their possibility. As a whole, such victims constituted 25-30% of the group researched by us. …

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