Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Professional Ideas as Factor of Attitude towards Performed Activity

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Professional Ideas as Factor of Attitude towards Performed Activity

Article excerpt

Abstract

Psychological aspects of functioning between professionals and amateurs are compared in the article. The differences between professionals and amateurs depending on ethnic characteristics, type of activity, professional environment itself are shown. It is revealed that ideas developed in the subject's consciousness towards carrying out activity define the peculiarities of its realization and form the demonstration of the corresponding behavior reactions. For professionals it is typical to render about activity as hard, difficult, intensive and responsible work that leads to the clear regulation of its aims and tasks, domination of professional behavior. Positive emotions, attitude towards activity as interesting, actively manifold, giving interesting contacts prevail in the ideas of amateurs, and it can cause revealing of carelessness, dreaminess, bustling.

Keywords: level of activity performance, professionalism, professionals, amateurs, image, professional ideas

1. Introduction

Separation of subjects of activity on professionals and amateurs at common level means just the simplest way to divide them on "good", skilful employees, with whom it is possible to deal with, and on "bad", "unprofessional" employees, whose results don't always suit. However in reality we more often come across confirmations that "amateurs" are people who are fond of their work while "professionals" aspire to earn or "to master" maximum money during minimum period of time. Preparation of professionals in high school requires to give more substantial answer on the question about the peculiarities of professional's activity.

Indeed in the aspect of public attitudes professional is first of all the person of waged labour, "skilled craftsman" who creates aloof product from him. By definition professional is the person openly accepting his specialization in society, having documental confirmation of his specialization and pretending for public recognition of skill level in his specialization. That's why the loss of work by the person making threat for satisfaction of fundamental necessities becomes "starting mechanism" for personal and existential crisis. In this case, J. Jacobson emphasizes, there appears the problem from which the person can't escape and which he can't decide in short period by usual ways (Yacobson, 1974). As D. Bukenuge, M. Buelens and others show, the speed of problem decision will depend on its connection with groups of values: conservative values and values opened to changes (Bouckenooghe et al., 2005, pp. 369-382). In this attitude the investigations of the unemployed by M. Jahoda are very demonstrative (Jahoda, 1981, pp. 184-191). In such foreshortening of regarding the amateur is in more profitable position as he is busy with his work when he wants and his well-being less depends on his passion to the performed activity.

It is essential to notice that division of subjects of activity on professionals and amateurs is used not in all professions. For example, such separation hardly can be found in architecture, cinema, music or cosmonautics. It stands to reason as in order to function in these fields it is necessary to have rather considerable financial and state support. In the strict sense of the word the definition of "amateur" means a person who knows his oats and not does his work duty-bound, i.e. being motivated by any other reasons.

Division on professionals and amateurs is present even in criminal unlawful activity. Criminal-professional is as a rule recidivist; at that recurrence is an indicator of definite specialization. Working as master a professional criminal knows his work very well and submits to it all his way of life. The life in places of confinement which usually provide him the highest status, privileged position doesn't frighten but even attracts him (Bandurka et al., 2002).

Sometimes amateurs are wrongfully identified with dilettantes (dilettante - is literally "delightful" (delectare lat. …

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