Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Competence-Oriented Approach to the Organization's Human Resources Management in the Turbulent Environment

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Competence-Oriented Approach to the Organization's Human Resources Management in the Turbulent Environment

Article excerpt

Abstract

The article reveals the essence of the resource concept as a basis for the organization's strategic resources management; the ratio of its major categories-resources, abilities and competencies-is determined; a classification of organization competencies is suggested; the leading role of human resources in both realization of combined resources potential and formation of organization competencies for achieving sustainable competitive position on the market is justified; the mechanism for control over individual employees' competencies is recommended.

Keywords: resource concept, competence approach, resources, capabilities, competencies, human resources, intellectual resources, management

1. Introduction

Actuality of the stated research is determined by the fact that nowadays, when resources are becoming more expensive and limited, it is important to identify strategic directions of the organization's activity and concentrate sufficient resources on the key business aspects. The main attention should be paid to the resources that promote competitive advantages of the organization, i.e. its key resources. Among the dominant resources that form core competencies of the organization, there are human resources, which serve as a basis for intellectual resources development.

In the turbulent environment the concept of dynamic capabilities is rapidly developing. Due to this concept a priority is set on the organization ability to integrate, work out and renovate its competencies so that to correspond with the turbulent external environment. In turn, dynamic abilities of the organization are primarily determined by its intellectual asset.

A modern practice of resource management, including management of intellectual asset, faces very difficult problems which can be solved by means of a systematic approach implementation.

We consider that decision of the issue is possible within the resource concept, which has become dominant in the strategic management theory. However, it should be noted that the resource management concept is just emerging, so the development of its main provisions as well as transition to the operational level of its application is becoming an urgent task.

In recent decades, the resource concept has become a dominant paradigm in the strategic management theory. By the beginning of the XXI century resource theory, which initially emerged as one of the organization theory trends, has turned into a powerful intellectual flow that covers methodology of economic analysis and economic systems management at different levels of hierarchy and functions.

The development of the resource concept provisions is traced in the works of foreign scholars-E. Penrose, B. Wernerfelt, R. Rumelt, D. Teece, J. Barney, M. Peteraf, K. Conner and C. Prahalad, etc.

As for home science we can say that in the works of Russian authors these questions are reflected to a lesser extent. The greatest contribution to the theory of the issue was made by: L. Grebnev, G. B. Kleiner, V. S. Katkalo, V. L. Tambovtsev.

Resource theory (in the English-language economic literature the most widely used term is (resource-based-view (RBV)); in the V. S. Katkalo's monograph we come across the term (resource concept)) is based on the assumption that the external strategic position of an economic entity in the market place depends on its inner state, which is primarily characterized by resources which are at its possession or under its control.

2. Main Body

Popularity of the resource approach, which emphasizes internal organization's resources as a source of competitive advantages, is not objectionable. After J. Barney's publication, where the basic theoretical model and criteria of sustainable competitive advantage sources are outlined, resource-based approach turned into a theory that is most frequently used in the field of strategic management research.

The core of the resource concept constitutes features which distinguish one organization from another, due to the fact that each of them possesses a unique set of resources. …

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