Academic journal article International Education Studies

Peculiarities of the Inner Maternal Position of Young Child with Down Syndrome

Academic journal article International Education Studies

Peculiarities of the Inner Maternal Position of Young Child with Down Syndrome

Article excerpt

Abstract

The article studies the dominant role of the child-mother relationships in the development and formation of personality of the infants and young children with Down syndrome. The article contains the information about the distortion of the child-mother relationships which leads to the different disorders of the mental development of a child. The article describes the construct of "inner maternal position". It contains the methods and results of investigation aimed at revealing and study of peculiarities of the inner maternal position. It also describes the possible targets of psychological and pedagogical aid depending on the variant of the inner maternal position.

Keywords: child-parents relationships, parent attitude, parents' positions, inner maternal position, mental development of a child, infant, young child, children with Down syndrome

1. Introduction

Modern psychological and pedagogical literature often contains the opinion about the importance of child-parents relationships quality and about its crucial role in the development and personality formation of Down syndrome infants and young children. A lot of investigators point out that the basis for the development of all types of activity of a Down syndrome infant and young child as well as his/her relationships with the world is his/her interrelations with a mother or other important adult, and the distortion of child-parents relationships leads to the emotional and behavioural problems, mental, motor, psychological and psychosomatic development disorders (Ainswort & Bowlby, 1991; Bern, 2010; Winnicott, 2004; Vygotskiy, 2006; Leontiev, 2005; Lisina, 2009).

In psychological and pedagogic literature there is an opinion about the fact that the basis of parents' behaviour in interrelation with a child is some psychological formation which determines its peculiarities. Terms and definitions which describe this psychological formation as well as notion about its content, structure and dynamics depend on theoretical orientations of the authors, The works by A. S. Spivakovskaya can tell us about the "parental position" (Spivakovskaya, 1989), Aivazyan (2008) and Zakharova (1997) speaks of the inner maternal position in the works of western authors the term "mother's devotion to a child" is used (Leifer, 1977; Mercer, 2004).

The analysis of the constructs which reflect the peculiarities of parental behaviour allows us to suppose that favourable change of parental concepts, attitude and behaviour lead to the change child's behaviour and response and generally changes relationships between parents and a child.

For our investigation we took "inner maternal position" (IMP) theoretic construct as a model; this construct was developed on the basis of cultural-historical approach to the psyche development. Aivazyan (2008) and Zakharova (1997) describe inner maternal position as for reflection, acceptance and applying of a new social position of a mother by a woman. The structure of the inner maternal position on the motivation level is represented by the personal meaning of the motherhood and its place in the system of current motives; on cognitive level these are the concepts of motherhood, child and relations with a child as well as the image of oneself as a mother; on the sensual level these are the emotional attitude to the motherhood, to oneself in the role of a mother and to the child. This construct allows us to totally study some phenomena which regulate maternal behaviour in child-mother relationships: personal meanings of the motherhood and their place in the system of current motives; emotional attitude to the motherhood, the oneself as a mother and to a child; image of a child, image of oneself in the role of a mother; concepts of a child upbringing and relations with him/her.

This work is aimed at studying the peculiarities of the inner maternal position development under the conditions of upbringing of a young child with different abnormalities; experimental group comprised of mothers and their Down syndrome young children. …

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