Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

Design System Construction of Teachers' On-Job Education and Representation Analysis on Effectiveness

Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

Design System Construction of Teachers' On-Job Education and Representation Analysis on Effectiveness

Article excerpt

Abstract

Design system construction of teachers' on-job education is based on system theory and subjectivity theory, pays attention to four-dimensional design system of "purpose design-curriculum design-mode design- review design", and is representation of effectiveness for "four-dimensional" design system with pertinence, applicableness, integrity and dynamics.

Key words: Continuing education; Design system; Effectiveness; Representation

INTRODUCTION

At present, teacher professional development turns into a topic concerned by education circle gradually. Teachers on-job education, on the one hand, is an important approach to teacher professional development, so effectiveness of teachers' on-job education becomes a key factor. On the other hand, design of teachers' onjob education is the core area and impacts effective implementation of teachers' on-job educational activities directly. As a result, constructing a scientific and reasonable design system with strong operability has the important theoretical and practical significance of developers, researchers, administrators and implementers of teachers'on-job education courses

1. DESIGN AND DESIGN SYSTEM

The word design is applied widely in our daily life. It often refers to the planning process before implementing a scheme. Scholars also conduct multiple interpretations by centering on "design": "design is an explorative systematic process prior to creating a certain new thing with actual utility or solving a problem." (Sun, 1998, p.1) "Design refers to formulate a method or pattern, etc., in advance on the basis of a certain purpose and requirement before implementing the work officially." (Dictionary Editing Room of Language, para.6, 1983, p.1013) "Design is the exploration for the sake of creating a certain new thing with actual utility." (Rowland, 1997) Based on it, design of teachers' on-job education refers to a systematic process of planning a target, developing course content, selecting the mode of execution, and constructing security system m advance on the basis of some demands. Moreover, the design system of teachers' on-job education should be paid attention to constructing four-dimensional system of "purpose-curriculummode-review .

2. DESIGN SYSTEM CONSTRUCTION OF TEACHERS' CONTINUING EDUCATION

2.1 Theoretical Foundation on Design System Construction of Teachers Continuing Education

2.1.1 Design Idea of Zoology: System Theory

The so-called ecology, as a matter of fact, is the existential state of biology or organics, while system is the entirety or the whole unit constituted by compositions with mutual relations (Morin, 2002, p.92). Ecological system is the optimized entirety formed by interaction, inter-coordination and coadaptation among elements, Each element that constitutes ecological system can't be interpreted by restoring the paradigm. Thus, design system of teachers' on-job education, based on theory of ecological system, has characteristics of integrity, dynamics and diversity. The number of specific situations of teacher education will bring the same number of ecological systems. If we pay excessive attention to any single element but neglect other elements, the balance of system will be destroyed. Thus, it not only requires designers to deal well with the relationship of intercoordination and coadaptation between elements in the system, but also needs them to deal well with the relationship between presupposition and generativity of design. A new system theory thinks that "system is a basic concept, because it can be developed into the system of the system... " (Morin, 2002, p. 149) From this point of view, the design system is an ecological system itself, and also is a subsystem in teachers' on-job education. Design system not only emerges before implementation of teacher teachers' on-job education, but also is accompanied with the process of the entire organizational implementation and monitoring evaluation, etc. …

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