Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

Researches on Modern Chinese Students Who Studied Law and Politics in Japan and Modernization of Zhili Province Legal and Political Education

Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

Researches on Modern Chinese Students Who Studied Law and Politics in Japan and Modernization of Zhili Province Legal and Political Education

Article excerpt

Abstract

Modern Chinese students who studied law and politics in Japan have played an important role in promoting the modernization of Zhili Province legal and political education as well as China's legal and political education. Based on this, the paper focuses on the spread of modem legal and political educational concepts, modem legal and political theories, writings and the introduction of modem legal and political ideas, etc., makes objective and realistic analysis in order to correctly understand and evaluate the historical status and influences that modem Chinese students in promoting the modernization of Zhili Province legal and political education as well as china's legal and political education.

Key words: Modern times; Students who had studied in Japan; Zhili province; Modernization of legal and political education

INTRODUCTION

An important feature of the Chinese Students who studied in Japan in the late Qing Dynasty is the "law and politics hot." According to statistics, in 1904 China had 1,300 students studying in Japan, out of whom more than 200 students were studying martial arts, and more than 1100 were studying liberal arts (including law, politics, normal education and general).1 It is evident to find the occupied proportion of those studying law and politics of the total students at that time. Meanwhile, gave special political history of Zhili Province, a considerable part of the student majored in law and politics in Japan returned to Zhili Province for work. They have played an important role which cannot be underestimated in promoting the modernization of Zhili Province legal and political education as well as China's legal and political education.

1. ESTABLISH LEGAL AND POLITICAL SCHOOLS, SPREAD MODERN LEGAL AND POLITICAL EDUCATIONAL CONCEPTS

In the Westernization Movement, although the Qing Government has founded a series of language, military and technical Industrial schools, it did not establish a specialized school which cultivates legal and political talents. The earliest comprehensive university which explored legal and political education is Peiyang University which has been established in 1895 (the university has set up "law studies" in the beginning of foundation), but the earliest specialized legal and political school began in the "Preparation for Constitutionalism" period of the late Qing Dynasty. Prior to the period Qing Government prohibited to establish legal and political schools. Until 1905, with the development of constitutional thoughts, the demand for talents majored in law and politics increased sharply, which enabled the founding of legal and political schools to be a top priority. Afterwards the Ministry of Education instructed repeatedly "each province without a legal and political school should make efforts to establish one, and those provinces which have already founded this school should consider expansion as needed"'. "Legal and political schools should be set up in a timely manner."2 3 Especially, the Ministry of Education unbanned the private legal and political schools in 1910, which is an important development of legal and political schools in the late Qing Dynasty. "Location in provincial capitals, abundant funds and complete curriculums should be met before applying to establish a provincial legal and political school." Its subjects, courses and students' entry level should be in accordance with the undergraduate regulation of government legal and political schools, and is temporarily approved to set up other majors. But the school cannot set up other majors solely, otherwise it will easily fall into the disadvantage of simplicity and quickness. In addition, if autonomous training institutes have already been established, they cannot falsely claim to be a legal and political school so as to avoid confusion."4 Afterwards the setting condition for legal and political school has been further loosened, "once being located at a prosperous commercial place with convenience transportation, having ample funding and complete programs, it will be granted to establish a legal and political school in order to cultivate more talents. …

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