Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Family Background Risk Factors Associated with Domestic Violence among Married Thai Muslims Couples in Pattani Province

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Family Background Risk Factors Associated with Domestic Violence among Married Thai Muslims Couples in Pattani Province

Article excerpt

Abstract

This study examined family background risk factors associated with domestic violence among married Thai Muslim couples in Pattani Province. The informants were 1,536 wives who were representatives of their families. The R program was used for data analysis to determine the frequency, percentage, chi-square value, odds value, and logistic coefficient. The results were that 38.3 percent of the Thai Muslim couples in Pattani Province used domestic violence, and the risk factors of family background found to be associated with domestic violence at a significance level of .001 were four variables: strict upbringing, violent behavior in childhood, witnessing parents quarreling in childhood, and violent behavior in childhood. The married couples with chances to use domestic violence were as follows: those who witnessed their parents quarreling in childhood regularly (2.46 times); once in while (1.73 times); had severe punishment in their childhood regularly (0.65 times); once in a while (0.51 times); had very strict upbringing (0.53 times); had moderately strict upbringing (0.41 times); had violent behavior in childhood regularly (0.52 times); and once in a while (0.43 times), respectively. The results of this study would be beneficial in forming policy and taking preventive measures for children witnessing their parents quarreling in order to end the cycle of domestic violence.

Keywords: family background, risk factors, domestic violence, married Thai Muslim couples

1. Introduction

Presently, domestic violence has become a social problem that more organizations in the government and private sectors give importance to in order to prevent and solve because it has spread widely in every society and with married couples of all economic statuses, occupations, races, and religions. This hidden problem is complicated with an increasing degree of violence, which makes it more difficult to prevent and tackle (Kungsakon & Pojam, 2008; Laeheem, 2014). This is different from the past when most people in Thai society did not give as much importance and realization to domestic violence as they should have because they thought that domestic violence was a personal problem specifically for family members only, and other people should not interfere or intervene (Pradabmuk, 2003; Kungsakon & Pojam, 2008). Domestic violence between husbands and wives is mostly by husbands against their wives by intentionally using force to threaten or harm their wives physically or mentally such as forcing, threatening, beating, kicking, and limiting their freedom. These behaviors usually develop from conflicts and quarrels (Intarajit & Karinchai, 1999; Triemchaisri, 2001; Laeheem, & Boonprakarn, 2014). Domestic violence is the husband's abusive behavior against his wife with an intention to attack her physically and mentally by forcing and coercing her, and it is an action caused by anger, fright, anxiousness, and a lack of temperance, which sometimes can cause severe injuries or death (Walker, 2001; Malley-Morrison & Hines, 2004; Hampton, Gullotta, & Ramos, 2006; Kongsakon & Pojam, 2008). Wives who are victims of domestic violence are usually wounded physically and mentally, and may decide to get a divorce. In addition, children who regularly witness such violence learn and absorb it in their memory and may feel that all problems can be solved with violence. This can make them violent when they are young as well as when they are grown up, and they may behave violently against their peers, spouse, and children (Promrak, 2007; Kungsakon & Pojam, 2008; Laeheem, & Boonprakarn, 2014). For the government sector, government organizations have to spend a large amount of money on campaigning through media to urge people to realize the violent problem, and help solve the problem. Furthermore, budget is needed to employ personnel related to providing treatment and consultations for victims of domestic violence (Hemmanad, 1990; Puawongpaet, 1994; Karnkanakul, 1997)

According to a report by the Violence against Children and Women and Domestic Violence Information Center (2013), prevalence rates of domestic violence were still high during 2010 - 2013. …

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