Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Management of Enterprises of High-Tech Business under the Trends of the Markets of Explicit and Implicit Knowledge: Classification, Business Model

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Management of Enterprises of High-Tech Business under the Trends of the Markets of Explicit and Implicit Knowledge: Classification, Business Model

Article excerpt

Abstract

The research presents a business model of high-tech businesses management, basing on the trends of explicit and explicit knowledge market with the dominating implicit knowledge market; classification of high-tech businesses, taking into consideration the three types of economic activity; possibilities to manage high-tech business basing on its market cost, technological innovations costs and business indicators. The work uses the program documents: Strategy of innovative development of the Russian Federation up to 2020; methodological materials of the Russian and foreign agencies: ROSSTAT, OECD, statistical data of the National Research University "Higher School of Economics" (Moscow); analytical materials by Thomson Reuters (USA).

Keywords: management model, high-tech businesses, explicit and implicit knowledge market, classification of high-tech businesses, business model

1. Topicality of Research

1.1 Grounding the Research Topicality

Knowledge market as a complex of explicit and implicit knowledge markets has its own characteristics and trends of development. After stating them, it is necessary to estimate the current condition of the Russian high-tech businesses and to implement measures for strengthening their positions in these markets.

The topical international ratings of high-tech businesses, like Thomson Reuters (USA) and indexes of high-tech businesses, like Nasdaq (USA), DAX (Germany) include businesses which do not function in high- or middle-tech spheres of economy. The research of this fact will allow to reveal the notion of "high-tech businesses".

1.2 Topicality: Advanced Interpretation

The authors have elaborated the approach to research the high-tech businesses management, basing on the knowledge market analysis at macro- meso- and micro-levels, the model of knowledge management in an organization (Figure 1 À, B, C; Scheme 1, Figure 2).

The elaborated model of knowledge management, the technique of explicit and implicit knowledge markets analysis is productive for developing and confirming the ideas represented in the works by Nonaka and Takeuchi on the significance and dominating of implicit knowledge in the knowledge market and in the organization as a whole (Borowik, 2014). Actually, the knowledge market development is ensured by the functioning of high-tech businesses, forming the bases of knowledge market, classified into explicit and implicit, the level of knowledge generation and the tools of knowledge management mechanism (Figure 2).

Basing on the authors' methodology of the analysis of explicit and implicit knowledge market, the knowledge management model in an organization as a result of knowledge market development as an integrity of explicit and implicit knowledge markets in the Russian Federation (RF) in 2000-2010, the following conclusions are made:

- in 2000-2010, implicit knowledge market (export and import of implicit knowledge) dominated in the development of knowledge markets in RF;

- in 2000-2010, import of knowledge, first of all, implicit knowledge, dominated in the development of knowledge markets in RF;

- maximal values in the development of knowledge markets in RF were achieved in 2008 on the basis of maximal values of export and import of implicit knowledge (Figure 1 À, B, C; Table 1);

- the worst values in the researched period were shown by the market of explicit knowledge export (in quantitative indicators by years, by the volume of growth);

- the volume of knowledge market in RF in 2000-2010 increased 7.5 times and in 2008 achieved its maximum of 2920231.8 thousand US dollars (theoretical value of the sum of export and import of explicit and implicit knowledge) and minimum of 386401.5 thousand US dollars in 2000 (Figure 1A, B, C; Table 1). Consequently, taking into consideration the maximal values (potential) of the knowledge market in RF, we can conclude that in 2000 the Russian knowledge markets dealt with about 13% of the Russian knowledge market potential; in 2010

- about 70% in all knowledge markets as a whole (export and import) (Figure 1A). …

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