Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

Conflicting Role of Counselors : Scenario of Indian Schools

Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

Conflicting Role of Counselors : Scenario of Indian Schools

Article excerpt

The terms "guidance and counseling" has been conceived internationally in different ways. Makinde ( 1987) defined them as an interaction process co-joining the counselee, who is vulnerable and who needs assistance and the counselor who is trained and educated to give this assistance, the goal of which is to help the counselee learn to deal more effectively with himself and the reality of his environment.

'Guidance' in the context of schools means, the whole of the school services offered to the students to help them in their education and development; by 'counseling' the specific help given to the students choosing and realizing their aims and making their choices of those services. Counseling is done informally by the administration of the school and by all the teachers, but formally by specialized Professionals, called 'School Counselors'. It is both educational and vocational and may at times be personal - In current context it relates to normal students with the normal concerns of growing up and making choices and also children with learning disabilities and problems in grasping or concentrating. School Counselors can take help of the other experts like Child Psychologist, as an when needed.

School counselors are an important part of the educational leadership team and provide valuable assistance to students regardless of whether they work in an elementary school or middle school, high school or beyond (Lapan, Gysbers, & Kayson, 2007; Stone & Dahir, 2006; Lee, 2001; Sandhu, 2000). The history of school counseling varies on how countries and schools provide academic, career, college readiness, and personal/social skills and competencies to elementary, middle, and high school children and adolescents based on economic and social capital resources in a school counseling program (ASCA, 2003). Counselors support students directly in their academic life to foster, promote, and increase interpersonal competencies and academic achievement. The Counseling departments believe that sound education involves the development of the whole student. This includes the social, emotional, intellectual, and physical aspects of students' lives.

Formally speaking, School counselors are individuals with undergraduate or graduate degrees in psychological counseling and guidance (PCG) (Ergene, 2011), who apply cognitive, affective, behavioral, and systemic intervention strategies (Hackney & Cormier, 2008) to ensure that mentally healthy individuals (Myrick, 2003) can fully improve themselves in all of the personal, social, academic, and vocational domains (American School Counselor Association-ASCA, 2007); can cope with the problems they encounter in these domains; reinforce their mental health (Ergene, 2011); improve their psychological resilience, wellness, and empowerment (Korkut, 2003); and ensure their self-actualization (Kepceoglu, 1994).

The school counselor, who serves at educational institutions, offers counseling and guidance services aid for the student to know and accept his personality which is constantly developing; to make decisions and choices concerning the upper stage; to deal with the problems he encounters; to make the best use of his potential and thus reach self-actualization. (Yesilyapark, 2001). The school counselors generally fulfill their primal aid activities, namely for individual and group counseling, guidance, consultation, coordination, case management, guidance curriculum, program planning, management and evaluation (ASCA, 2007; Fitch & Marshall, 2004; Kuhn, 2004; Morrissette, 2000; Paisley & Me Mahon, 2001 ). And the function of these activities is affected by the variety of grades being taught and student needs. As the needs and developmental features of preschool education, elementary education, secondary education and university students differ from each other, the counseling and guidance services offered vary accordingly. Preschool stage is a critical stage during which the development is fast, the personality structure begins to take shape, and the child is affected by his surroundings and is open to any kind of learning (Uz-Bas, 2007). …

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