Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

A Study of Career Decision-Making among Adolescents

Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

A Study of Career Decision-Making among Adolescents

Article excerpt

Children begin forming concepts of work at an early age, but since their knowledge is so fragmented, their concepts are stereotypical and narrow (Dorr & Lesser, 1980). If no effort is made to contradict these narrow and stereotypical concepts, children maintain them into adolescence and young adulthood, when they proceed to make relatively uninformed career decisions in terms of the range of opportunities actually available to them. The adolescents and young adults support responsible vocational decisions which help to nurture them personally. But the students face significant barriers to career planning. Around half of students do not know where to go for help regarding career decision-making. They find it difficult to locate all the information they need to make a career decision and not aware of knowing from where to get the answers to questions about their future. Students do not know the fact what grades or courses are required to achieve their career goals. The students reported that they had tried to get their questions answered. A potential reason suggested for this was that a number of the adolescents did not understand the career decision-making process (Julien, 1999).

Effective career planning should have a match among requirements of ajob, individual's aptitudes interest, personality and expectations from the parents. Good career planning will lead to career adjustment in life. The decisions taken on the profession during the early time period of youth or adolescence is important as they help to determine the occupation an individual will be practising in future. Usually, these are different from his initial occupational preferences and involve the subjective element. Ginzberg (1952) suggested that adolescence is the period during which the fantasy world of children begins becoming more realistic. The career aspirations of adolescents are distinct from those of adults (Watson & McMahon, 2004). Career decision-making is the method of understanding, analyzing and appreciating a variety of careers or career options through exploration, guidance and planning. It utilizes reasoning-centred processes including mental and/or graphic depictions of career decision-making steps involved in goal setting and goal attaining (The Greenwood Dictionary of Education, 2011). Career choice is an essential aspect of discovering one's personal identity. From the point of view of career development, this is the time when the individual has the opportunity to informally 'try out' and explore various career possibilities. It has been quite disappointing to see that in spite of existence of individual differences in career planning, everyone is just selecting the career carelessly and haphazardly without bothering to know about one's abilities, competencies, personality and realistic social and family perspectives. That is the only reason why our youth is planning their career unwisely and inappropriately. Certain studies reported significant gender differences in career decision-making (Mau, 2000; Jenrette, 2004). In some studies there were no significant gender differences (Patton et al., 2004; Creed et al., 2006). There was an important role of social context and social capital in making effective career decision (Bright et al., 2005; Ferry, 2006; Greenbank & Hepworth, 2008; Greenbank, 2009).The supports provided and career decision-making were positively related (Mani, 2005; Bums et al., 2013).

An adolescent is expected to choose a right kind of career or profession when he/she is at senior secondary stage itself as this is the stage which decides one's future profession. At this particular time one must be well acquainted with the world of different courses as well as the world of work. Super (1990) suggested that career planning becomes significant during late adolescence and early adulthood. During this time, senior secondary school students enter such a phase in their lives when they need to seek information regarding career. …

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