Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

Emotional Intelligence of High School Students in Relation to Their Psychological Well Being

Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

Emotional Intelligence of High School Students in Relation to Their Psychological Well Being

Article excerpt

The concept of emotional intelligence has gained popularity and accepted over in the recent years. The ability to appropriately identify, recognize and manage your emotions for one's own well being as well as well being of people around you is what is described as emotional intelligence.

Researchers have investigated dimensions of emotional intelligence by measuring related concepts such as social skills, interpersonal competence, psychological maturity and emotional awareness. Social scientists are just beginning to uncover the relationship of emotional intelligence to other phenomena. (Goleman, 1995).Hence it has been thought to study the emotional intelligence of the school children in relation to their psychological wellbeing.

Historically speaking, the term 'emotional intelligence' was introduced in 1990 by two American University professors Dr. John Mayer and Dr. Peter Salovey in their attempt to develop a scientific measure for knowing the difference in people's ability in the areas of emotion. However, the credit for popularizing the concept of emotional intelligence goes to another American psychologist Daniel Goleman ( 1995).

According to the exponents of emotional intelligence, a person1 emotional make-up largely determines his or her professional success. They believe that EQ is the most important determinant of the extent of professional and personal success in life. It is interesting to note that so many people with high IQ fail whereas those with less intellectual endowment are extremely successful. It is increasingly recognized that IQ may account for only about 20% of a person's success in life. The remaining 80% depends largely on a person's emotional intelligence.

The concept of emotional intelligence (Mayer, Caruso & Salovey, 1999) shows that to understand and appreciate intelligence in totality, one needs to attend to the domains of personality, emotions and motivations. The merging of emotions and intelligence as a cognitive tool under the caption of E.I. was proposed by Yale Psychologists, Peter Salovey and John Mayer ( 1990). According to them, emotional intelligence involves abilities that may be categorized into five domains,

(i) Self-awareness i.e.; observing oneself and recognizing a feeling as it happens,

(ii) Managing emotions i.e.; handling feelings so that they are appropriate; realizing what is behind a feeling, finding ways to handle fears and anxieties, anger and sadness.

(iii) Motivating oneself: i.e; channeling emotions in the service of a goal; emotional self-control; delaying gratification and stifling impulses,

(iv) Empathy: sensitivity to others' feelings and concerns and taking their perspectives; appreciating the differences in how people feel about things,

(v) Handling relationships: managing emotions in others; social competence and social skills.

The concept of psychological well-being has acquired more importance in the field of health and educational psychology in these days. Ever since research paid more attention to 'quality of life', psychological well-being became popular. Psychological wellbeing may be defined as the subjective feeling of contentment, happiness, satisfaction with life's experiences and of one's role in the world of work, sense of achievement, utility, belongingness, and no distress, dissatisfaction or worry etc. The general wellbeing may show some degree of positive correlation with quality of life, job satisfaction/general satisfaction level, sense of achievement etc; and negatively related with neuroticism, psychoticism, and other such personality traits.

In recent years, a psychological or subjective well being is the focus of intense research attention (Diener & Diener, 1995). Psychological well-being resides within the experience of the individual (Campbell et al., 1976). It is person's evaluative reaction to his or her life either in terms of life satisfaction (Cognitive evaluation) or affect (ongoing emotional reaction). …

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