Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

Different Pattern of Education System and Its Effect on Values: A Comparative Study

Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

Different Pattern of Education System and Its Effect on Values: A Comparative Study

Article excerpt

Education: As individual and social values

The term value has been defined in various way for example that which can satisfies human needs and desires; as actuate experiences of enjoying a desired object or activity; as nation, idea or concept intrinsically desirable; that for which a man lives and for which if necessary he is willing to die; the desirable end states which act as a guide to human endeavor. Values guide our conduct, set standards; determine choices, actions and attitudes toward object and situations. The term moral education seems to have little religious overtones and a narrow area for its jurisdiction. Some educationists have suggested to use the phrase 'value oriented education in place of moral education.

Human values seem to be receiving the attention of those who may happen to be the savior of tomorrow. This involves deeper understanding of human evolution and the limitations of human mind so that the lasting impact necessary for bringing about change in thought and conducts.

Types of value

This type of classification of values is based upon Springer's type of man. Sprenger's has classified values in six dimensions.

The Theoretical: "The dominant interest of the theoretical man is the discovery of truth. In the pursuit of this goal be characteristically takes a "cognitive" attitude, one that diverts itself of judgments regarding the beauty and utility of objects, and seeks only to observe and to reason. Since the interests of the theoretical man are empirical, critical and national he is necessarily an intellectualist, frequently a scientist or philosopher his chief aim in life is to order and systematize his knowledge."

The Economic: The economic man is characteristically interested in what is useful. Based originally upon the satisfaction of bodily needs (self preservation), the interest in utilities develops to embrace the practical affairs of the business world-the production, marketing, and consumption of goods, the elaboration of credit, and accumulation of tangible wealth. This type is "practical" and confirms well to the prevailing stereotype of the average American businessman.

The Aesthetic: "The aesthetic man sees his highest value is form' and harmony. Each single experience is judged from the standpoint of grace, symmetry of fitness. He regards life as a procession of events; each single impression is enjoyed for its own safe. He need not be a creative artist, nor need he be effect, he is aesthetic if he but sends his interest in the artistic episode of life". Aesthetic people, often like the beautiful insignia of pump and power, but oppose political activity when it makes for the repression of individuality. In the field of religion they are likely to confuse beauty with pure religious experience.

The Social: "The highest value for this type is love of people. In the study of values it is the altruistic or philanthropic aspect of love that is measured. The social man prizes other persons as ends and is therefore he kind, sympathetic and unselfish. He is likely to find the theoretical, economic, and aesthetic attitudes cold and inhuman."

Political: The political man is interested primarily in power. His activities are not necessarily within the narrow field of politics, but, whatever his vocation, he betrays as a machtmensch. Leaders in any field generally have high power value."

Religious: "The highest value of the religious man may be called unity. He is mystical and seeks to comprehend the cosmos as a whole, to. Relate him to its embracing totality. Spranger defines the religious man as one "whose mental structure is permanently directed "to the crestion of the highest and absolutely satisfying value experience' some man of this type are "immanent mystic." that is, then find their religious experience in the affirmation of life and in active Participation therein.

After family School, too plays an important role in forming moral concepts. …

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