Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

Need for Strategic Reforms in Governance through Policy Formulations: In View of Poor Status of Internationalization in Indian Higher Education

Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

Need for Strategic Reforms in Governance through Policy Formulations: In View of Poor Status of Internationalization in Indian Higher Education

Article excerpt

Higher Education is a powerful tool for achieving economic sustainable development. Foreign Education Providers interest is growing rapidly to explore the potential in the Indian education market. Higher education provided by public/private and not-for profit/for profit providers and various forms of imparting education ranging from face to face education to e-learning in internationalization scenario, all this demands for urgent strategic reforms with specific policy guidelines.

The higher education sector has in recent years been attracting increasing attention, largely due to its contribution to improving productivity, increasing economic growth, and enhancing innovation and technological capability (Jaramillo & Knight, 2005). The expansion of the sector is considered a necessary condition for growth and expansion in the global economy. Higher education has traditionally been provided by public authorities through public institutions. However, the pressure to expand, income-generating measures in public institutions and encouragement of the establishment and expansion of private higher education institutions, which do not depend on state funding. The creation of the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) reflects the formalization of market processes and procedures for international trade in services (Altbach, 2006). GATS encompasses all internationally traded services, including education. Within the education sector, GATS covers five categories of education services: primary, secondary, higher, adult, and 'others'. Trade in education under the GATS framework takes place in four modes: (1) cross-border supply of the service (where consumers [students] remain within the country); (2) consumption abroad (where consumers cross the border); (3) commercial presence of the provider in another country (institutional mobility); (4) presence of persons in another country (staff mobility). However the two of the most important and visible forms of trade in education are the cross-border mobility of students and cross-border institutional mobility (Knight, 2005). The internationalization of education is not new (Innés & Hellsten, 2004). Students have been going abroad to study for decades motivated by a lack of facilities at home or the attraction of better education opportunities abroad, or the desire to learn a new language and experience new cultures.

Issues in Higher education which needs serious consideration for revamp

There is very low enrolment rate of foreign students in various institutions in India (Donde, 2014). Hence it is essential to ponder on various aspects that can help to enhance this rate. Enrolment enhancement is necessary keeping in view the global economic competition which has entered in higher education sector (Knight, 2004). Understanding the world over diverse social and cultural identities, we need to work out dynamic, pragmatic and flexible reforms which match with our ancient and rich traditions and able to exist side by side with modernity. Social and cultural diversity does not accommodate integration easily. Another visible trend is the transformation of the pre-modern knowledge communities into modem knowledge collectives. Transformation implies more than a methodical approach to knowledge systems (usually in the academic domain) by providing a national drive for understanding (of science and processes) by society and the practitioners of traditional knowledge systems. Social concern to preserve ancient skills and craft traditions is at prime focus of every country in the scenario if internationalization and globalization. Free conversation between all groups of the countries is necessary to harmonize different ideologies of nationalism, secularism, rationality and cultural universalisms. Overall aim shall be to promote a mind-set amongst the population to develop a scientific understanding of natural and social phenomena.

There is so much of expansion all over the world in higher education. …

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