Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Development of Technical College Students' Communicative Competence

Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Development of Technical College Students' Communicative Competence

Article excerpt

Abstract

The role of communication has increased in modern society due to the growth and expansion of interpersonal, inter-regional and international relations in politics, economy, science and culture. In this regard, one of the priorities of educational policy is a radical improvement in the system of vocational education aimed on training of highly qualified personnel for the country's economy. The main result of the educational institutions activities should not be a system of knowledge and skills, but a set of core competencies as the expected learning outcomes. The effective solution of this problem in a technical college depends not only on the training of future engineers for using production technologies and working with modern technology, but also on the development of specialists' culture of communication. Dynamic character of life and professional activity requires communication skills, the ability to rapidly integrate into the production team, willingness to adapt to new working conditions and regulate the relations between people in the process of joint activities.

The article reveals the essence and the basic characteristics of communicative competence, characteristics and development model of technical college students' communicative competence. It also considers creating educational communicative space as a leading factor in the development of students' communicative competence. The study identified and disclosed criteria indicators (organizational and cognitive, emotional, behavioral and speech) and levels (high, medium, low) of students' communicative competence. The results of the experimental work suggest the viability and validity of the educational environment to develop effectively the students' communicative competence.

Keywords: communicative space, communicative competence, communicative needs, educational activities, technical college students, the humanities

1. Introduction

1.1 Actualizing the Problem

Communicative competence as a necessary professional engineer quality is a major component of his professional competence. Unreadiness for communication often leads to various difficulties. In modern conditions the knowledge and skills as a unit of learning outcomes are necessary, but not sufficient in order to be successful in society. For a specialist it is important not so much to be encyclopedic literate as to have the ability to apply general knowledge and skills to resolve specific situations and problems arising in a real professional activity (Kovaleva et al., 2015; Torkunova et al., 2014; Ganieva et al., 2014; Shaidullina et al., 2015).

Communicative competence of an engineer is becoming very important due to the increasing level of information society, expansion of social experience (Valeeva et al, 2014). It becomes crucial in situations of public speaking, debate, dispute, negotiation, meetings, presentations, industrial conflict resolution. However in modern teaching practice we found the following contradiction: the need for a high level of communicative competence in engineering, on the one hand, and the low development of technical college graduates' communicative competence, on the other hand; modern society needs of a socially active professionals with strong communication skills, on the one hand, and the lack of theoretical and practical elaboration of the technical college students' communicative competence development problems by means of the humanities, on the other hand (Lopatina et al., 2015; Grigoryeva et al., 2015; Gutman et al., 2014; Masalimova et al., 2014; Valeeva & Demakova, 2015).

1.2 Explore Importance of the Problem

Professional engineering activity depends very much on the skill of the future engineer to realize him in communication, to establish business relations, to interact, to explain clearly his thoughts and suggestions, to resolve constructively different conflicts. Therefore, future professionals need the ability to communicate effectively in a complex production environment (Lopatina et al. …

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