Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Success as It Is Viewed by Teenagers of a Different Birth Order

Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Success as It Is Viewed by Teenagers of a Different Birth Order

Article excerpt

Abstract

The relevance of the problem studied is that the formation of a successful personality type depends on its internal position regarding the semantic characteristics of success. The study reveals the peculiarities of success semantics that teenagers with different birth order By means of such methods as testing, associative experiment, method of multiple identifications, and focus group method there has been revealed a set of factors in teenagers' self-consciousness that determines the image of a successful self in accordance with the birth order in a family. There has been correlated the connotation of self success view and the denotation of a successful person view in the semantics of a "successful self". The relatedness of "successful self" image positions and "successful person" positions in the spheres of professional life, education, family life, public activity, hobbies has been found out. Materials of this article can be of a great practical value in psychological counseling for the prediction and correction of individual personality development of a teenager.

Keywords: birth order in a family, self-image, success

1. Introduction

Success, having its all social significance in a personality self-realization, is formed at specified stages of ontogenesis and is connected with self-consciousness development conditions. According to the prevailing majority of native psychologists the adolescence is considered crucial in self-consciousness formation (Bozhovich, 1976; Dubrovina, 1998; Feldshtein, 1996; Kon, 2009; Prikhozhan, 1984; Sobkin, 1986; Vygotsky, 1960). Erikson analyzes the identity problem at adolescence in details focusing on the peculiarities of teenagers' self-image. He writes: "... the integration in the form of ego identity is a sum of internal experience gained at all previous stages when successful identification led to a successful balancing of individuals' basic needs with their possibilities and giftedness" (Erikson, 1959). Teenager's self-consciousness development is connected with the social situation of development, teenagers' self-determination, processes of role identification, self-realization. These factors specify the formation of images and views characteristic for teenager's self-consciousness. Considering a general statement according to which the external is refracted through internal, external forms of personality behavior are determined by features of its internal position. In this regard, the significance of personality successful type development specifies the necessity to research the personality internal positions, mental representations concerning connotative characteristics of success in self-consciousness as emotional-evaluative addition to its major (denotative) meaning within the frame of personality psychology. It is important to pay attention to many aspects of methodological plan here. This is the personality value-sense sphere formation (Salikhova, 2009, 2014, 2015), and dialectics of a person and world interaction (Bayanova, 2009, 2013), and a cultural context of personality with which an individual has difficult relations of mutual transformation (Bayanova, 2011, 2013; Khusainova, 2015). The necessity to research connotations of success views transfers this problem into the sphere of psycho-semantics and study of an individual value system. The study of success views as any other verbal meanings makes it important to regard the statement that semantic components are considered in connection with psychological and social causality. The content of success concept, settings and attitude to success and successful people determines teenagers' choice of their life activity goals; it forms the motivation of achievement, and subjective semantics of success contains both general and individual semantic meanings. The obvious absence of established theoretical views about the connotation of success, causality of self-consciousness semantics of a social situation of development in general and the factor of birth order in a family, in particular, testifies to the contradiction between scientific status of an issue and the level of its elaboration in general psychology, psycho-semantics and psychology of consciousness. …

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