Academic journal article Review of European Studies

The Features of Manifestation of Students' Subjectness

Academic journal article Review of European Studies

The Features of Manifestation of Students' Subjectness

Article excerpt

Abstract

The article is of current importance in the field of pedagogics and psychology of higher education as it reveals psychological prerequisites for formation of a specialist and his/her productive self-realization as of the subject of activity. The purpose of the paper is to study the features of manifestation of students' subjectness which ensures success in mastering professional education. The author considers the conception of this phenomenon as a psychological formation and discloses its manifestation through a set of subject actions of a student. The main subject actions include self-actualization and self-control, which provide the quality of the student subjectness manifestation in the process of mastering professional competence. The materials of the present paper can be useful for high school lecturers and students seeking for self-improvement and self-development.

Keywords: subject, subjectness, subject actions, student, professional competence, professional education

1. Introduction

The considered problem of manifestation of student subjectness is relevant of today as it is becoming important for a person to use the ability to transform the inner and outer world. This makes it less difficult to adapt to the environment of one's vital activity, to find one's place and to realize oneself. This is particularly necessary in high school conditions of mastering professional competence of a specialist. This problem is discussed in the works of Aksyonova (1999), Vardanyan (1998), Volkova (1992), Eneeva (1999), etc.

Slastenin's school (2000) has developed a regulation according to which professional and personal development is based on the principle that implies self-development and the determining ability of a person to turn their own vital activity into the subject of practical transformation leading to creative self-actualization. In high school a person comes up against various situations: new requirements and forms of receiving education, conditions of educational activity implementation, and yet they change their day regimen, the usual behavioral actions and views. The student occasionally faces them in the course of learning process and during exams. At the same time, he is compelled to mobilize himself and to find the ways of self-realization. As a result, on the one hand, these situations require stability (steadiness) of expression of subject manifestations in relation to receiving professional education, and, on the other hand, they demand constant transformation of the inner and outer world for their preservation and improvement in the process of high school training. Such static and dynamic character of a student as of a subject mastering professional competence is provided by his/her subjectness.

2. Literature Review

The modern conception of subjectness is based on the statements developed in national psychology of the XX century, which cover the nature of the subject as a carrier of subject-practical activity directed at the object (Ananyev, 1968; Brushlinsky, 1994; Rubinstein, 1989, etc.); subjectness as a property of a person capable of transforming the world and themselves in it at an individ, personal, subject and individual levels of reflection of the inner world (Rubinstein, 1989; Petrovsky, 1990; Petrovsky, 1993; Slobodchikov, 1994, etc.).

The analysis carried out has demonstrated that the scientific idea of subjectness is ambiguous. Scientists define this phenomenon as:

- A subject position which reflects a way of self-realization, self-assertion, self-development of a person (Aksenova, 1999; Slastenin, 2000, etc.);

- A property of an individual, mental formation, which is based on the relation of man to himself as the doer of an action (Volkova, 1992; Myasishchev, 1995, etc.);

- The highest form of behavior regulation manifested through activity, initiative and awareness of the person's relation to the world, themselves and the carried-out activity (Zimnyaya, 1997);

- A central formation of human subjectness (Slobodchikov, 1994);

- A characteristic of subject activity occurring in his/her activity and behavior (Osnitsky, 1996; Slastenin, 2000, etc. …

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