Academic journal article Review of European Studies

The Issues and Tendencies of Arts Education Modernization in the Republic of Kazakhstan

Academic journal article Review of European Studies

The Issues and Tendencies of Arts Education Modernization in the Republic of Kazakhstan

Article excerpt

Abstract

The paper is concerned with development strategy of the national educational system in the Republic of Kazakhstan, principal development trends of arts education in the Republic of Kazakhstan in terms of apprehension of the national tradition based on UNESCO recommendations stated in "Road Map for Arts Education", adopting the idea of ethnocultural education; the basic content of the "Art education in the Republic of Kazakhstan: apprehension of national traditions and rapprochement of cultures" scientific and analytical report is analyzed; national policy in the area of art education in Kazakhstan, cultural heritage preservation and development are considered; training of Bachelors of Fine Arts in the area of education is represented; modern benchmarks in "Art History of Kazakhstan", formation of multicultural personality are shown; modernization problems of arts education in Kazakhstan and its study prospects are stated: promotion of creative potential, increase in education and culture status in the 21th century is a complicated and critical task that forecasts the following prospects: interrelation of arts education and current social problems of society; increase in public information awareness and explanation of value and social significance of arts and artistic and pedagogic education; creation of demand for arts education and qualified arts teachers in the modern educational system; universalization of arts teachers' professional training; intensification and expansion of researches in the area of arts education and sharing creative knowledge at the international level; financing fiscal studies in this area. Conclusions: so far considerable experience has been gained in the area of arts education with regard to ethnocultural tradition, that allows the Kazakh system of arts education to gradually carry out the process of entering world educational space.

Keywords: the Republic of Kazakhstan, arts education, cultural heritage preservation and development, ethnocultural education and cultivation, modernization

1. Introduction

1.1 Strategy of the National Educational System Development in the Republic of Kazakhstan

Discussion on arts education condition in the Republic of Kazakhstan requires indicating principal changes in the social and economic field of the Republic of Kazakhstan that took place at the end of the 20th-beginning of the 21th centuries and caused reformation of the national system of education. The main objective of Kazakh education reformation is explicitly stated in the address of the head of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nazarbaev to the people of Kazakhstan "The strategy of Kazakhstan for entering 50 most competitive countries worldwide"-renewal of education quality and competitive growth of national educational system (Nazarbaev, 2006). "New economic policy "Nurly Zhol" is our major step towards entering 30 most developed countries worldwide... Our programs for advancement of education will be followed, the head of the state specified in the new Address to the People of Kazakhstan "Nurly Zhol-Way to the Future" (Address of Nazarbaev. the head of the State, 2014).

At the present stage of development strategic plans, education development programs in the Republic of Kazakhstan are based on the data of UNESCO institute. Trends of arts education in Kazakhstan are shaped by main provisions, conclusions and recommendations of the First and Second World Conferences on Arts Education supported by UNESCO (Lisbon, 2006; Seoul, 2010).

The role and significance of arts training were specified in Road Map for Arts Education developed through discussions in the course and after the World Conference on Arts Education, March 6-9, 2006 in Lisbon (Portugal), it focuses on admitting importance of arts education in terms of creativity development, enlightenment and cultural diversity in the world (Road Map for Arts Education, 2006).

The materials of the Road Map consider national and social significance of arts education: to admit the contemporary society's need for development of educational and cultural strategies and policies, which preserve and develop cultural and aesthetic values; to take note of increasing need for creative potential in societies of different cultures as one of the most important problems of the 21th century-in this context arts education can be effective; to provide active involvement and availability of art as a major component of education for all children; to create cultural societies, centers and art museums for creative activity of the youth. …

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