Academic journal article Review of European Studies

The Conceptual Approaches to the Analysis of the Labour Market and Employment

Academic journal article Review of European Studies

The Conceptual Approaches to the Analysis of the Labour Market and Employment

Article excerpt


Economic reforms in the Russian Federation are closely connected with the problems of formation and development of the labour market. Among the new socio-economic realities, determined by the reformation processes, it is the labour market that combines the most urgent and sensitive social problems. The labour market is an essential system-forming factor of the territorial socio-economic system. Both directions and rates of macroeconomic development of a region and standard and quality of living depend on the effectiveness of the labour market. Situation at this market is the key parameter, and most indicators of socio-economic development are derived. The present article is dedicated to the development of conceptual approaches to statistical analysis of the labour market and employment at the regional level. The object of study is represented by the Volga Federal District. The subject is qualitative and quantitative laws arising in the process of the development of the labour market and the sphere of employment of the region. Information base of the study is the data presented in official collections of the Federal State Statistics Service of the Russian Federation. Within this study methodological approaches to statistical evaluation of the regions of the VFD are suggested at different levels of integration of institutional mechanism of employment system management and factors are defined, which determine the effectiveness of economic policy. These approaches are based on methods of multidimensional classification, which allowed to define territorial disproportions and to identify the groups of regions with different levels of integration activity. The main provisions, conclusions and recommendations are aimed at the improvement of the quality of statistical information on the trends in the sphere of regional employment in order to provide up-to-date effective management decisions.

Keywords: labour market, unemployment, cluster analysis, method of principal components

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

1. Introduction

State regulation of economy in Russia covers many various socio-economic systems. Quality accounting of this diversity in planning at the state level is not possible without identifying the specific features of each subject of consideration in terms of opportunities and objectives.

Due to the fact that the conditions for the formation of the labour market have significant regional differences, there is the need in state regulation of the labour market at the regional level. One of the key grounds for the development of conceptual approaches to employment analysis in regions was a provision stating that it is incorrect to set the same development goals in all regions, as well as it is incorrect to compare regions in terms of the level and opportunities for the development of the market of labour and employment. It becomes necessary to define and subsequently to substantiate the list of territories which become subjects to state support. In this regard, it becomes important to identify typological groups of regions, which determine the specifics of the corresponding territorial forecasts and plans.

2. Methods & Techniques

The object of our research is the Volga Federal District, which occupies 6.1% of the territory of Russia and is one of the most diversified in terms of ethnic composition and the level of economic development. The Volga Federal District includes 14 subjects of the Russian Federation. Among them there are 6 national republics (the Republic of Bashkortostan, the Mari El Republic, the Republic of Mordovia, the Republic of Tatarstan, the Udmurt Republic, the Chuvash Republic), 7 regions (the Kirov region, the Nizhny Novgorod region, the Orenburg region, the Penza region, the Samara region, the Saratov region, the Ulyanovsk region) and the Perm krai.

The typology of the regions of the district was carried out in two stages.

During the first stage the regions of the district were differentiated by the indicators of the labour market:

y^sub 1i^ -the level of unemployment in i region, %;

y^sub 2i^ -the duration of unemployment in i region, months;

y^sub 3i^ -the level of employment in i region, %;

y^sub 4i^ -the level of economic activity in i region, %. …

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