Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Linguo-Pragmatic Aspect of "Search for the Ideal" in the Discourse of Female Fiction as a Reflection of Matrimonial-Demographic and Sexual Behavior in Contemporary Russian Society

Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Linguo-Pragmatic Aspect of "Search for the Ideal" in the Discourse of Female Fiction as a Reflection of Matrimonial-Demographic and Sexual Behavior in Contemporary Russian Society

Article excerpt

Abstract

Female fiction discourse possesses particular specificity of world outlook and gender conditioned linguistic peculiarities, representing female linguistic personality. The ways to reflect the linguistic consciousness of the female linguistic personality in the literary text in terms of cognitive linguistics are studied in the article. One of the ways to represent the cognitive level of female linguistic personality in the literary text is considered in the concept "MAN", involving the object-image-bearing, notional and valuation-estimative constituents. The authors study the characteristics, belonging to the "ideal man", perceived by the contemporary Russian women, how these characteristics correlate with the evolution of gender relations in the society. The results of the article can be used to construct gender tendencies in modern Russian society; they can provide the material to forecast further matrimonial-demographic and sexual behavior of Russian women. The analysis of female literature, carried out in this investigation, is provided against the sociological research of gender and orientations on family, love, marriage in the women of Russian society.

Keywords: a gender, a female discourse, linguistic consciousness, a concept "man", matrimonial behavior, sexual behavior, reproductive behavior

1. Introduction

A wave of interest to philosophical analysis of language and text problems covered gender investigations-a young discipline, rather popular in Western and American, but still developing momentum in Russian humanitaristics (Zherebkina, 2000; Avery & Liss, 1996; Lazar, 2007; Clarck, 2012). Under the last one, a special sphere, studying the problem of language and gender interconnection-gender linguistics, was formed; it is being developed in close cooperation with feminist criticism of language (Castro, 2013; Gvozdeva et al., 2005; Khachmafova, 2010; Queen, 1997; Posch, 2009). In 1980, the notion of text becomes "one of the conceptual notions of the feminist criticism of language even for those authors, for which the subject of language or literature does not present the main subject of investigation" (Zherebkina, 2000).

Female literature presents a complex cultural phenomenon, uniting the woman-author and the woman-reader, and representing the specificity of female linguistic worldview. "Female" literary text reproduces a peculiar cast of the epoch, demonstrates a model of personality of the new epoch, born in keeping with gender canons and everyday stereotypes. In female prose, we see the reflection of evolution of stereotypes in sexual, marriage and reproductive behavior of Russian woman. Thus, we observe the reflection of stable matrimonial stereotypes of the Russian society in female prose: 1) Only official marriage; 2) Impermissibility of divorce; 3) Impermissibility of infidelity (divorce and infidelity were considered as sins); 4) Obligatory marriage (early and total marriage, the share of final celibacy is nearly 5 %); 5) Widowhood is the visitation; 6) The desirability for remarriage (but not the third-fourth).

Earlier, the woman, being the treasurer of purity of generation and family, had the strictly regulated sexual behavior. In this connection, the sexual female behavior was characterized by the following allowable features: 1) Moral-religious sexuality; 2) Veneration of chastity, moderateness, blush and virginity; 3) Condemnation of unproductive sexual relationship. These traits of female behavior were dominating up to the breakup of the USSR. Reproductive female behavior was respected in all layers of Russian society. However, on the one hand, children present the undeniable value of family and society (what was conditioned by the economic reasons), but, on the other hand, children required considerable expenditures (especially in the prime of life). Alongside with that, regulation of birth rate and interruption of pregnancy were prohibited (Karabulatova, 2004). …

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