Academic journal article Review of European Studies

The Realization of Binary Opposition Joy/Sorrow in Contemporary German Fiction Discourse

Academic journal article Review of European Studies

The Realization of Binary Opposition Joy/Sorrow in Contemporary German Fiction Discourse

Article excerpt


The article is devoted to the problems of comparative linguistics, namely the problem of "Joy" and "Sorrow" in the contemporary art discourse. The article deals with the lexemes "Joy"/"Sorrow", representing the binary oppositions. The authors analyze emotive lexemes "Joy"/"Sorrow" based on the works of contemporary German literature, one of the sources of moral categories in human consciousness that provides data on a modern vision of concepts expressed by lexemes "Joy" and "Sorrow". The authors in the article present the interpretation of lexemes in German and Russian, based on the data from representative dictionaries, German and Russian languages, and based on the analysis of artistic works by contemporary German writers cite examples from the original novels, and their Russian translation, it is a comparative analysis of the translations on semantic and linguistic grounds.

Keywords: emotive lexicon, lexeme, discourse, verbalization, semantization

1. Introduction

Great German linguist L. Weisgerber introduced into scientific terminologythe concept of language picture of the world. According to L. Weisgerber language is the mediator between the objective world and our consciousness, as a kind of creative force in all areas of spiritual and cultural life. Pointing to idioethnical nature of language as a unique tool for understanding the world, which is owned by a particular cultural and spiritual society, L. Weisgerber substantiates the idea common to all speakers of a given society a certain picture of the world, which defines a kind of vision of the world and the continued participation of members of society in the process of cognition.

German scientist Wilhelm von Humboldt argued that language has a decisive influence on the attitudes and perception of the world of man and his way of thinking and emotional sphere. Person interacts with the world around him through the language, who informs him by a certain sign of a picture of the world, which is a result of human understandable and specific reality (Humboldt, 1985).

Pointing to the relationship of language and culture, W. von Humboldt believed that language and culture are forms of human consciousness, which reflect the outlook and perception of the world of man. They coexist in constant close cooperation. The carrier of culture and language is always society, personality, and, therefore, they cannot exist outside of society. Language and culture have inherent contradiction "dynamics-static", language and culture are subjects to certain regulations adopted in this cultural society.

E. Sapir argued that an individual uses the language only for the specific tasks of thinking and communication. A gradual transition of potential values in the reality is made through language, and that allows a person to take up the more conventional understanding of the world.

According to G. V. Kolshanskiy linguistic picture of the world is based on social and working experience of each nation, which finds its expression in the lexical and grammatical diversity of each individual language. Thus, according to G. Kolshanskiy, linguistic picture of the world is nothing, as enshrined in the language of the diversity and creativity of human cognitive activity.

It is a well-known fact that emotions and feelings are something elusive, mysterious and hardly measurable, play an important role in human life. People tend to classify their accumulated experience, then draw some conclusions and generalize this experience. Everything is assessed from the axiological angle, ultimately, it is codified. This experience is very important and up to date for each language community. (Ayupova et al., 2014)

As an integral part of our lives in society they have a great influence on a person who loves and hates, rejoices and suffers. Emotion is figurative, complex system of a person that determines his/her behavior and attitude toward the phenomena of reality (Prinz, 2005). …

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