Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Totemic Views in the Anthroponomical Picture of the World

Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Totemic Views in the Anthroponomical Picture of the World

Article excerpt

Abstract

In our country, strengthening the independence and the entry of our country in a number of civilized countries, comprehension of the principles of national, moral and material values, and problems of their realization are vital nowadays. And this in turn requires the culture development; people pass their experiences, achievements in the development to future generations, as well as the progressive traditions of culture. Now consider the language picture of the world in general human cognition in the unity of the world model, and with the same conceptual view of the world is a philosophical and philological concept. The study "Language world" and "Conceptual picture of the world" in the trinity "Language-thought-world" is one of the urgent problems of modern linguistics. Language world-a specific method for the language of reflection and representation of reality in language forms and structures in its relation with the person who is the central figure of the language. From this point of view, we will consider the totem animal of Turkic peoples, including the ideological character of phraseology associated with the totem "blue wolf" and "Bear".

Keywords: totem, animism, linguistic map of the World, "blue wolf"

1. Introduction

In certain respects, scholars of various fields have investigated Middle East environments and societies for some time. For decades, prehistorians have reconstructed natural and anthropogenic changes in the landscape through sediment and pollen analysis (Neil, 1989), and classical archaeologists have reconstructed elements of population and settlement, agriculture and erosion through excavations and field surveys (John, 2002). Anthropologists and historians since Herodotus have also looked at the influence of key geographic features such as the Nile and Mesopotamian river valleys and the unique ecology of the region's pastoral nomads. Furthermore, starting in the 1970s, historians under the influence of the Annals school began to look more closely into issues of demography, disease, and land use (Halil, 1978).

Nevertheless, only recently has such research come together into an integrated body of study that might be called Middle East environmental history. In the wider arena of historical geography or environmental history, analysis of the Middle East per se was often neglected (John, 2003) or edged out by studies encompassing the Mediterranean, usually written by scholars focused on Europe and unfamiliar with Middle Eastern languages (Arnold & Oliver, 2001). Historians trained in modern Arabic, Turkish, or Persian tended to focus on national and political issues in the modern era, while scholars of earlier periods faced considerable obstacles from scarce and difficult source materials.

Pioneering works of Middle East environmental history bridged these difficulties through imaginative use of sources, interdisciplinary approaches, and wide chronological or comparative perspectives. For instance, Richard Bulliet's classic The Camel and the Wheel analyzed the rise of Bedouin power through evolving technologies of camel saddles, using a range of classical and early Arabic material (Richard, 1990).

Likewise, Peter Christensen's important study of the rise and fall of irrigation systems in western Persia and Mesopotamia, analyzed patterns over several centuries; drawing on archaeological and literary sources (Peter, 1993). More recently, Stuart Borsch has illustrated the tremendous ecological and economic impact of the Black Death in Egypt through comparison with medieval England (Stuart, 2005) and Diana Davis has demonstrated the self-serving nature of French imperial claims about environmental degradation in North African by comparing evidence from pollen samples and ancient geographers with reports in French archives (Diana, 2007).

The current burst of studies on Middle East environmental history has continued this interdisciplinary approach and has also benefited from ongoing archival research, especially in Ottoman imperial records. …

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