Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Influence of the Internet on Young People as a Problem of Criminology Science

Academic journal article Review of European Studies

Influence of the Internet on Young People as a Problem of Criminology Science

Article excerpt

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to analyze the problem of the influence of the Internet on minors. We define the role of the Internet in the development and education of adolescents and young adults. We characterized the psychological characteristics of minors' communicate in the Internet. We discuss the impact of globalization on different cyber-deviation's manifestations in adolescents. A particular attention is paid to information security of children in terms of the development of the information society in modern Kazakhstan. We consider the ways of counteraction the negative effects of the new informational environment. We give recommendations for the prevention of the negative impact of the Internet on minors.

Keywords: minors, Internet, information security, prevention, socialization

1. Introduction

One of the most important processes in modern Kazakhstan is the transition to an information society. Informatization and computerization of modern society are becoming more and more global.

Internet technology has the greatest importance and prevalence; it connected people across the globe, made communication cheaper and freely and opened new horizons for the world community. Internet in recent years has given man limitless possibilities in the field of transmission, distribution and circulation of information, it allowed you to perform financial and banking transactions, despite the distance and borders.

Internet and social networks have become an integral part of modern society. Every day, millions of people use their services: some are looking for friends, clients, employers or employees, others-simply "kill" their time. The speed of network development is enormous: in 1993 there were only about 70,000 of its users, in 1999-about 200 million, and in 2002-already 580 780 000, which is 9.57% of the world's population, today this figure has exceeded per billion (How Many Online, 2015) .In 2015, the number of Internet users will grow to 2.89 billion people, which will be 42.2% of the population of the planet. And by 2018 the network will be used by 3.6 billion, i.e. 48.2%. In many ways, the penetration rate is due to the availability of affordable mobile phones and broadband internet (by the year 2018, 2014).

According to the Institute of Political Solutions, the most demanded in May 2013 in Kazakhstan was the social network "My World" (64.4% of Internet users), in the second place-"Classmates" (25.9%), the third-"Vkontakte" (22.7%) (Bakytova & Nurbekova, 2014).

The widespread introduction of information technologies in the life of modern man has both positive and negative consequences. The spread of cyber-deviation in the Internet has become one of the most acute problems of our time. The negative effects of prolonged use of information technology are narrowing the range of interests, escape from reality into the virtual world and the development of dependence.

According to the sociologists' studies, the predominant group of Internet users in Kazakhstan is young people. The younger generation sees the Internet as a basic education and personal communication. So in the words of Prensky (2001), children born after 1980 can be considered as "digital natives", i.e. those who grew up at the same time with the rapid development of digital technologies and cannot imagine a world without computer games, e-mail, Internet, cell phones and instant messaging. At the same time, their parents and teachers are "digital immigrants", who have to rebuild their habitual behaviors, adapting to unfamiliar to them world of new technologies.

Kazakhstan for a long time has been out of this problem. But the suddenly opened Internet capabilities have absorbed most of the young people. On the one hand, the increase in the number of young internet users, the development of new high-speed communication programs, and virtual interaction, on the other hand-the lack of comprehensive measures, including criminological prevention, this has led to an increase in deviant behavior of youth. …

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