Academic journal article International Education Studies

Some Aspects of the Implementation of the Principle of Transparency in Russian Universities: Research, Experience, Perspectives

Academic journal article International Education Studies

Some Aspects of the Implementation of the Principle of Transparency in Russian Universities: Research, Experience, Perspectives

Article excerpt

Abstract

The aim of this study is to identify achieved successes, existing gaps and possible prospects of implementing the principle of transparency by Russian universities. It was focused upon the information transparency of educational activities from the perspective of legal requirements and interests of applicants and university students. The analysis of the implementation of the principle of transparency of Russian universities is conducted in this article by the reflection of information on the activities of the institution of higher education on the website and related network services. Here are revealed the typical shortcomings of universities to work with sites and generalized directions to develop this activity.

Keywords: transparency, information transparency, Russian pedagogical universities, university website, student study

1. Introduction

Education as a social institution is changing - it's obvious. And the changes happen fast enough. The education sector is increasingly presented as a global, dynamically generating and heterogeneous market in which there are various, often conflicting development trends. However, despite the difference in directions of formation of national and regional educational systems and specific organizations, among these trends can be identified some general trends to be recognized and shared by all participants in the global education market. And one of the leading trends in the sustainable development of the educational system is an application of the principle of transparency.

The term "?po?pa??oc??" is a variant of translation into Russian widely used abroad (in law and science) concept "transparency"-literally "clearly visible, clear, easy to understand". The principle of transparency is fixed as a legal norm in the laws of many foreign countries. At the same time transparency is a key principle of modern business, compliance with which in companies is regulated by international standards and treaties. High level of transparency means that the provided (disclosures) information helps create a clear idea about the true situation in the educational organization (Kosaretsky & Shimutina, 2011).

In the Russian education system the implementation of the principle of transparency, in our opinion, has a dual character. The contradictions are manifested in the fact that, on the one hand, the Russian educational institutions traditionally remain fairly closed, on the other hand, the legal requirements, requests from the public make them more fit this principle. One could argue that the transparency of Russian educational institutions is inadequate, and the mechanisms of creation, implementation and support of information transparency of these organizations are diverse and predominantly located on the lower level of development. This situation exactly determines the relevance of our taken study.

Especially important is an issue in the field of higher education in Russia, where transparency is already now largely determines not only the quality and efficiency of the institution activity, but also its survival under conditions of increasing internationalization of education. Exactly the institutions of higher education felt the rather strict requirements related to information transparency of its activities to the state and society. These requirements, being light enough, poorly completed and almost optional for a little more than ten years ago, are now significantly enhanced, fixed by law and often almost the only reference point for the evaluation of a higher education institution activity in terms of the various contact audiences.

This statement is not just an assumption but one of the key real trends in the world education. With this fact fully agree also developers of Foresight "Education-2030", which argued that "total transparency of university education is a condition for survival in the competitive activity of universities with global education providers coming into the national market (Foresight "Education-2030", 2014). …

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