Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

Eponymous Units in the English Sublanguage of Sport: Form, Meaning and Functioning

Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

Eponymous Units in the English Sublanguage of Sport: Form, Meaning and Functioning

Article excerpt

Abstract

The importance of studying the problem is determined by the fact that the sublanguage of sport is constantly developing, and in this process the definite role belongs to proper names, which is one of the ways of metonymic term formation. The author of the article is aimed at considering the eponymous units in the English sublanguage of sport in the formal, semantic, and functional aspects. The leading method used in the investigation of the material is descriptive analysis alongside studying print and electronic sport dictionaries and glossaries, institutional discourse corpus and interviews with people involved in sport. The terms under study mainly consist of two components, but may be reduced to a proper name. Proper names may function as separate one-word terms as well as be combined within one language unit with words of general vocabulary both in specialized and metaphorical meaning. The eponymous layer in the language of sport is not homogeneous, and includes simple and compound terms, widely and rarely used units, as well as archaisms and neologisms. These terminological units are brief and stylistically neutral. They are highly professional, as their meaning is known mostly by specialists, though they are rather frequently used in popular literature on sports and in mass media. The illustrating fragments of different genres of sport discourse are presented. Linguistic research of sport eponymous terms is of interest for terminological studies from the point of view of terminological systems development, function of proper names in terminology, models of word and phrase formation and translation of professional discourse.

Keywords: eponym, proper name, term, terminology, sport terminology, language for specific purposes (LSP), sublanguage of sport, special discourse

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1. Introduction

Nowadays the investigation of the special sublanguage of sport is highly important due to the following extralinguistic factors: increasing of interest of the world community in sport and its consequent popularization; the demand for translation of texts belonging to different genres of sport discourse as essential means of information exchange. The special language under study demonstrates various means of word and phrase formation. One of them is the use of eponymic forms, which are unique elements in the systems of such professional sublanguages as those of medicine, mathematics, physics, chemistry, geology, culture, etc.

Proper names in special languages carry cultural information and belong to cognitive categories as they maintain information about subjects, phenomena and processes peculiar to particular domains. The research is carried out within the cognitive and anthropocentric approaches. The principle of system underlies the cognitive approach which presupposes studying the external factors of the environment where the sublanguage and its units are used; anthropocentrism focused on human mind, culture, knowledge, etc. dominates in the cognitive linguistics (Vorushilova, 2012). Proper names are base for eponymous terms and their task within the language for specific purposes (LSP) is to name special notions correctly (Novinskaya, 2009).

Another essential point concerning multi aspect study of the eponymous units of sport sublanguage is highlighting the principles of representing them in monolingual and bilingual dictionaries. The problem of dictionaries compellation is of high importance in the modern linguistic paradigm due to its evident applied character and practical demand in the processes of communication and translation (Solnyshkina & Gafiyatova, 2014).

English for specific purposes has become a subject of learning for intending interpreters and translators as well as for students studying at non-linguistic faculties and learning the sublanguage of the corresponding sphere for their future careers. In this process of education much attention should be paid to gaining knowledge of the structural elements of the LSP and developing skills of their usage in different situations of professional communication (Ukhanova, 2014). …

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