Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

Essential and Content-Related Characteristics of Higher Education Internationalization

Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

Essential and Content-Related Characteristics of Higher Education Internationalization

Article excerpt

Abstract

This article aims to reveal essential and content-related characteristics of higher education internationalization. The main method to the study of this problem was the comparative analysis of scientific-pedagogical and sociological literature. The paper presents the evolution of "education internationalization" concept, the authors' interpretation of the concept, identifies the main components of education internationalization (structural and administrative, organizational and substantive and procedural), four groups of factors of education internationalization (economic, political, cultural and educational). The materials of this paper are of value to the scientific community engaged in comparative studies in the field of higher education, for the teaching staff in educational programs designing in terms of education internationalization as well as for students of pedagogical specialties.

Keywords: internationalization, higher education, Essential and content-related characteristics, components of education internationalization

1. Introduction

In the new century defined as the century of knowledge there is the revision of the education objectives and its content in foreign and national high school. Primarily it is the formation of the student's personality creative potential, the formation of self-actualization need, and self-expression both while studying at high school and throughout life. There is the refocusing of educational process from training to developing and its result is the model of specialist which meets the following criteria: professional and social mobility, the ability to adapt to the information space, high level of intelligence, knowledge, skills, language skills, creativity, critical thinking, independence [EUN].

The UNESCO International Commission on Education for the XXI Century in the report "Education: a hidden treasure" emphasizes its crucial role both for the individual development and the whole society. According to the leading experts of the Council of Europe, the problems of the XXI century for all educational systems consist in overcoming the contradictions between:

* the general and the particular, with the gradual transformation of the person (without losing his origins) in the citizen of the world who has a new way of thinking and culture based on humanistic culture of peace;

* the traditions and the modernity which comprises human adaptation to the new changing conditions;

* a variety of educational programs and learning technologies and guarantee of their continuity;

* the content of education practice and the latest achievements of scientific thought, and others (Delors, 1996).

As noted in the UNESCO materials, solution to the problems of higher education at the international, regional, national and local levels should answer the purpose of quality improvement and internationalization which are the main criteria defining the strategic position of higher education in society and its internal organization at present.

Analysis of foreign and national researchers' studies (Knight, 1993; Mestenhauser, 1998; Dibrova, 2004; Dzhurinskiy, 2002; Kabanova, 2004) allowed to identify the main prerequisites of education internationalization, namely:

- the growing needfor correspondence of the graduates general and professional training and integration of the international community, the world economy, labor and employment markets;

- the need to train specialists who are ready to work in an increasingly interdependent and changing world having deep and comprehensive knowledge enriched with an international component (international competence) and intercultural communication skills;

- openness of national educational systems to international cooperation based on the intention to participate in the processes of internationalization, human resources, financial and qualitative preparedness;

- the need to maintain the competitiveness of education system in the international arena and to achieve international standards by education system;

- strengthening specialty in the world science that pushes the intensification of international scientific cooperation;

- increasing the export of educational services and products, the possibility of receiving additional funds in the budget of higher education institutions;

- the need to support international security and peaceful relations between countries (Knight,1993; Mestenhausr, 1998; Dibrova, 2004; Dzhurinskiy, 2002; Kabanova, 2004). …

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