Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

The Electronic Learning System as a Means of Forming Professional Competencies among University Students

Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

The Electronic Learning System as a Means of Forming Professional Competencies among University Students

Article excerpt

Abstract

The purpose of this article is aimed at the development of pedagogical tools and methods of forming students' competencies in the course of higher education. The submitted paper presents the potential of information technology in forming professional competencies of the university students providing the students' classroom and individual organization. The grounds for the presented paper have become the ideas of competence-based approach, the system of modern didactic principles that intensify the students' learning and cognitive activities. The article describes the structure of modern e-learning system that satisfies the federal state educational standards and contributes to the students' professional competencies. This article is intended for the educators, researchers, heads of educational institutions engaged in the development of academic syllabi and pedagogical tools to provide university students with professional competencies.

Keywords: higher education, professional competencies, pedagogical tools, information technologies, e-learning system

1. Introduction

1.1 Background

The principle objective of modern higher education is to educate a qualified professional (a bachelor, master, post-graduate) ready to work and grow professionally, have social and occupational mobility, able to adapt to changing external conditions (Azarov, 2008; Prokofeva, 2012; Frolov, 2004). A competence characterizes the specificity of professional work and the quality of education of a modern university graduate. A significant element of competence is the experience - the integration of actions, methods and techniques in solving various problems achieved by the human into one unity. The professional competencies require continuous renewal and growth in professional knowledge, acquiring new information to successfully solve professional challenges. For the first time the education raises the question of continuity of the competence development according to the education levels, requires consideration of the specific competencies for every degree program.

The competencies are the result of higher education and are determined by its ability and readiness to accomplish professional and social activities in the selected subject area. In addition, the current socio-economic and socio-cultural conditions and transition to modern educational standards require competent professionals able to navigate in the ever-changing information flow, to think independently and creatively. Nowadays, this is impossible without information technology education in the education process. Using simulation computer games, geoinformation technology, e-learning systems allow to upgrade and intensify the process of environmental education.

1.2 Status of a Problem

The modern conditions of competence-based paradigm require the development of pedagogical tools and methods to form the students' professional competencies in terms of higher vocational education.

The educational modes are significantly changing, there is a shift towards t information-education technologies providing broad educational, pedagogical and activity opportunities. The issue of assessing the activity-related characteristics of the learning process and personal students' qualities is becoming more important. Therefore, there is a need to develop educational tools and methods of forming students' competencies in the course of higher vocational education (Ephraim, 2010).

The analysis of scientific literature shows that the problem of forming professional competencies attracts attention (Baydenko, 2004; Zimnya, 2006; Mukhametzyanova, 2010; Novikov, 2006; Subetto, 2000, Hutorskoy, 2003; Zeer, 2005). The information education technologies are regarded as a means and methods of arranging, transferring and providing information to students using a computer as a dynamic means of supporting the education process that radically changes the system of teaching methods (Isaev, 2008; Kirilova, 2008; Krechetnikov, 2002; Robert, 1994; Trainev, 2006). …

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