Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

Products Produced from Organic Waste Using Managed Ecosystem Fermentation

Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

Products Produced from Organic Waste Using Managed Ecosystem Fermentation

Article excerpt

Abstract

Biomass is the only renewable source of organic chemicals available. The Managed Ecosystem Fermentation process biologically converts organic waste into high value industrial chemicals over night. MEF modifies and regulates a process that has worked in nature for millions of years to extract valuable basic chemicals that are used in industry today, thereby converting the handling of waste from an expense to a source of revenue. MEF is the only known process that can convert cellulose into protein. Unlike most processes that produce a single product, the MEF produces a portfolio of products. MEF produces a portfolio of products ranging from enzymes, proteins and multiple long and short chain fatty acids. The MEF process is based on the microbial ecosystem in a ruminant animal. It is a multispecies process involving over 3,000 species of microbes simultaneously. It works because a multispecies system has more chemical pathways to breakdown the organic matter than a single species.

Keywords: amino acids, anaerobic digestion, biodiesel, fatty acids, fermentation, greenhouse gas, high protein animal feed, Managed Ecosystem Fermentation, microbial protein organic waste, oleochemicals, volatile fatty acids

Managed Ecosystem Fermentation (MEF) is a new manufacturing process that biologically converts cellulose and other organic materials into protein and high value industrial chemicals. It is a continuous, self-sustaining fermentation process that is focused on economics, resulting in a significant reduction in the energy required, thereby making the process environmentally and economically sustainable. The MEF process is capable of producing several thousand dollars of revenue per ton of organic waste.

One of the economic benefits of MEF is the ability to utilize vegetable wastes as feedstock; including food processing trims, olive pulp, fruit pulp from juicing, and many others. The MEF process utilizes an ecosystem of microbes found in the digestive tract of ruminant animals. This ecosystem of microbes is able to process and adapt to a wide variety of organic materials without sterilization and is stable for many years. MEF has adapted the rumen ecosystem to an industrial environment to extract a portfolio of high value products. The MEF process does not use any genetically modified organisms. It works with only naturally occurring organisms.

The disposal of organic waste has been and continues to be a significant and complex challenge faced by every society from both the environmental and economic perspectives. The toxic conditions created by the concentration of organic waste have been a plague on public health and welfare along with causing a significant deterioration of property values.

Organic waste provides a fertile breeding ground for disease vectors including flies, mosquitos, rats and mice. The diseases transmitted by these vectors include West Nile virus, equine encephalitis, dengue fever, yellow fever, malaria, sleeping sickness, hanta-virus pulmonary syndrome, lymphocytic choriomeningitis, salmonellosis, hemorrhagic fever, and diarrhea.

Additionally, the improper disposal of organic waste is a major source of ground water contamination containing pathogenic microbes spreading disease and death from the disposal site.

Further, greenhouse gasses produced by the uncontrolled decomposition of organic waste contribute to global warming while the noxious odors contribute to the destruction of the air quality.

Current methods of handling have four inherent problems. First, the elimination of our waste is expensive. Second, it contributes to the pollution of the land, water, and air. Third, it is a source of pathogenic disease vectors. Finally, most of the current methods of disposal fail to significantly reduce the volume of residue after treatment.

Historically, three approaches to the disposal of organic waste have been used with varying rates of success. …

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