Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

Wars and Military Conflicts of the XXI Century in the Context of the Strategic Interests of the United States

Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

Wars and Military Conflicts of the XXI Century in the Context of the Strategic Interests of the United States

Article excerpt

Abstract

The problem under investigation concerning the phenomenon of war is in the center of attention of scientific thought in the field of international relations. The article is aimed at studying the specifics of wars and military conflicts in the modern world which take place under the indirect or direct participation of the United States. The leading approach to the study of this problem is a systematic approach that allows an integrated use of a variety of scientific methods and techniques. The main results of the study indicate that the complexity of types and structure of modern wars and military conflicts make it difficult to resolve them. However, determining the positions and interests of all participants (direct and indirect) and, above all, the identification of strategic interests of the United States is necessary for the effective resolution, prediction and prevention of most contemporary conflicts in the international arena. The materials of article Submissions may be useful for use in the educational process, as well as in the preparation of educational, methodical and scientific literature, as it contains the theoretical principles and a set of specific proposals to improve the post-Cold War international system.

Keywords: war, military conflicts, international security, international relations, world politics, the United States, Iraq, Afghanistan, the color revolutions

1. Introduction

It is known that military conflicts, including the wars, being a form of interaction between "actors" in international relations, contribute to the destabilization of international relations and lead to various kinds of damage, and sometimes casualties. A comprehensive study of the nature of these phenomena, taking into account the strategic interests of the United States can help the international community to increase the effectiveness of efforts to resolve armed conflicts and to improve the system of international relations.

The completion of the "Cold War", a complex non-military conflict, combining ideological, geopolitical, military-technical components, put into a doubt the possibility of the foreseeable future global world wars. There is an illusion of appearance of the international community to resolve the endless possibilities of local, simple conflicts. The most favorable situation seemed to appear for the United States on the world arena. However, the reality was different. A complex international system of balance of power that existed since the end of World War II, has been broken. The complexity of the transformation of the nature of wars and military conflicts in the post-Cold War era was investigated by Mark Trachtenberg - Professor, University of California. According to an outstanding American scholar there is a sustainable balance of power on the world stage in the era of the "cold war", and the loss of the balance after the collapse of the Soviet Union (Trachtenberg, 2012). L. Coser says that one of the creative functions of conflict is in maintaining a balance of power (Coser, 1957). It is necessary to take into account the constructive potential of these phenomena based on the concept of positive-functional conflict. A signal and modernized function of military conflicts leads to the resolution of contradictions, the preservation and development of the system of international relations. As M. Trachtenberg says the significant increase of wars and conflicts in the XXI century is the result of imbalance (Trachtenberg, 2012). Thus, in the post-bipolar period characterized by an imbalance of forces and increasing international conflict, there was a clear strengthening of the international influence of the United States.

Modern post-bipolar period is characterized by two opposing trends: on the one hand, the risk of a world war, an open conflict between the major powers is extremely low, on the other - the number of peripheral interstate (the Afghan-Pakistani conflict, 2007 - up to the present) and domestic (the conflict in Syria, 2011 - up to the present) conflicts has increased. …

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