Academic journal article International Education Studies

Professional Competence Development of the Social Work Specialists in the Period of Study in the System of Additional Education

Academic journal article International Education Studies

Professional Competence Development of the Social Work Specialists in the Period of Study in the System of Additional Education

Article excerpt

Abstract

The goal of this work is the study of psychological-pedagogical approaches to the understanding of the idea of professional competence of social work specialists as well as the role of study in the system of additional educations in professional-personal development of the listeners. In the process of study of this problem we define main professional competences of a social work specialist, in particular, special, communicative, analytical, reflexive, analytical, motivation-personal, social, individual. The specific nature of the educational space with the effective approaches, technologies and forms of education of the adults in the system of additional education and its influence on the development of the specialists' professional competence are represented in this article.

Keywords: professional competence, social work specialist, education, educational space, professional-personal development

1. Introduction

1.1 Introduction to the Problem

Modern conditions of the Russian society development, ever growing demands to the specialists of any level make the issue of professional competence urgent. Federal Law #442 "About the foundations of social service", introduction of professional standards contribute to the constant increase of professional level of the social work specialists.

Today the effective specialist is a specialist who properly and quickly response new social expectations, who can develops dynamically and creatively, improves professionally ad constantly renews his/her own personal resources. Russian society is interested in the establishment of a person of a modern specialist, who can socialize effectively and who has professional competence which would contribute to the providing of the personal comfort, effectiveness of the professional activity.

1.2 Definition of "Competence"

Raven (2002) assesses competence as a system which consists of the whole of cognitive, emotive and conative components of the effective behaviour. According to Veyland (2002), a competent person is a person who "can combine knowledge and skills in order to solve some definite problem", he/she knows "how to do something that he/she wants and must to do as a bearer of definite profession effectively".

Zimnyaya (2003) distinguishes the concepts of "competence" and "adequacy", she explains the concept of adequacy as "an intellectually and personally conditioned experience of the social-professional activity which is based on knowledge".

The issue of professional adequacy is today one of the urgent questions both in industry and education, it is studied in the works of Russian and foreign scientists. The definitions of professional competence as "a profound knowledge", "ability for active performance of activity" (G. K. Britell, W. E. Blank) and some others which exist in the foreign literature do not fully reveal the essence of this concept. The problem of professional competence is actively studied by the Russian psychologists and teachers.

According to Zeer (2003), a professionally competent worker is a specialist who "has knowledge, skills, qualities, experience and individual style of activity which are necessary for the qualitative and effective work". Markova (1996) considers that the professional competence is "the combination of such psycho qualities as mental health, which allows performing activity independently andresponsible, as the possession of the skill to perform definite labour functions".

2. Methods

The important component of professionalism is the characteristics of professional consciousness of a specialist. A. K. Markova underlines the importance of the professional self-consciousness and characterizes it as "the complex of a human's concepts as a professional, this is the whole image of oneself as a professional, the system of relations and mindsets to oneself as a professional" (Markova, 1996). Professional self-realization of a human is connected with the realization of oneself in the professional sphere. …

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