Academic journal article International Journal of English Linguistics

Structural-Syntactic Features of Undetached Appositions in Modern English Azerbaijani State University of Economy

Academic journal article International Journal of English Linguistics

Structural-Syntactic Features of Undetached Appositions in Modern English Azerbaijani State University of Economy

Article excerpt

Abstract

The article embraces the study of structural syntactic features of undetached appositions in Modern English. The main aim of the investigation is to study role and place of oppositions in the English linguistics. The thoughts of the scholars in the study of oppositions, the determination of oppositions as to their types and functions, terms related to the oppositions are differently used by scholars. Having mentioned all these varieties in the determination of appositions, we have offered the terms undetached and detached oppositions, instead of other terms offered by other scholars. In the scope of the study consideration of the problem among the Azerbaijani-English studying scholars has taken place as well. Investigations show that there is not a unanimous determination of oppositions and usage of terminology related to the oppositions.

Keywords: detached, non-detached, coordination, subordination, conjunction

1. Introduction

There is no unanimous thought on the apposition and its essence as a syntactic category in the modern English linguistics. Particularly on two problems the ideas of the scholars seriously differ:

1) on the place of apposition among the sentence members; 2) on the determination of the types of appositions in the English language.

The information, given by V.A.Ilyish in the theroetical course, called "The Structure of the Modern English Language" as to its essence, basically differs from the thoughts of other scholars. He comes to the conclusion that apposition must be studied not as another type of attribute, but as an another separately-taken secondary sentence member (Ilyish, 1971) Considering this thought we may come to the conclusion that in the modern English language the number of sentence members is not five, but it must be six. It is worth mentioning that, there is no one to share this opinion of professor V.A.Ilyish. In the known to us languages apposition is introduced as a type of attribute. We think that there is no need to artificially increase the number of sentence members.

Speaking on the essence of apposition, we think it also necessary to touch upon the apposition, which is much spoken of lately, alongside the thought grounded on the specifying sentence member. In the Russian linguistics, including the investigations carried out lately, alongside the apposition, specifying sentence member is also spoken about.

The thought, that the specifying sentence member can refer both to the main and secondary sentence members, is taken as a basis. The specifying members carrying out the same syntactic functions with the sentence members, which they belong to accents the meaning of a specified word, at a certain degree in a compact form. The existing difference between the apposition and the specifying sentence is indicated as follows. Apposition is expressed only by a noun, whereas specifying sentence members can be expressed by word combinations, expressed by different parts of speech and by different types of subordinate clauses (Van Yuy Fu, 1956). We think this mentioned thought can belong to the modern English language as well. At least, as to the fact that during the last days, in the investigations carried out on the materials of the English language, including the classic English grammar books, we come across such an opinion that apposition belonging to all the sentence members, can be expressed by the separately-taken words, word combinations and by subordinate clauses.

We'd also like to mention the condition, for if we accept the category of specifying sentence members, then we may come to the conclusion that we can imagine sentence members in this category in any language as well: main sentence members, secondary sentence members, specifying sentence members and apposition. Undoubtedly, if we approach the solution of the problem in this form, we might have made some errors in the study and teaching sentence members.

We'd like to note that some scholars basing upon concrete language facts come to such a conclusion that, no difference between the apposition and specifying sentence member, from the formal or form, the functional view point shows itself (Sviblova, 1962). …

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