Academic journal article European Journal of Sustainable Development

Comparing ENQA, British, German & Albanian Standards of Quality in Higher Education

Academic journal article European Journal of Sustainable Development

Comparing ENQA, British, German & Albanian Standards of Quality in Higher Education

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

In nowadays society higher education is being more and more a very crucial ticket for being acceptable in social life and environment. Even that the societies are different and are continuously developing and have diverse perception based on referenced knowledge's toward the higher education they are still all together supporters of education. Therefore as this study will be mostly based on assurance of quality in higher education and comparing different in educative systems in some areas the main issue to be disused is; if the higher education is perceived in all those mentioned above countries same and are those countries able to include and implement in their areas the same European standards of education.

The majority of the countries in European continent are divided in groups according to their economic and social conditions. The high standard countries in economy are supporting those developments with very qualitative social life which is being possible from education and welfare. The middle standard countries are again countries giving very much support to educative developments as they are struggling for excellence in an environment with a very tough competition in Europe for production, innovation and economic development, which can be achieved only by supporting and assuring qualitative education. Countries in transition which are waiting in the front door to be part of European Union are the ones that have to assure quality in education in order to be accepted in EU and are continuously controlled by accreditation agencies and international agencies. It can be concluded that all the European countries are working to assure the quality but the paper offers a more detailed approaches of some countries toward quality assurance and qualitative higher education.

Role of higher education in today's world is the main focus of all the governments being elected. The only way to be the choice of citizens is proving that education will always be the apple in their eye. The demand for qualitative and standardized educative system is increasing day by day as globalization and mobilization in other fields is being achieved. Parts of higher education are not only universities but it covers sharing academic information, research paper workings, colleges and gain of professional skills.

2. ENQA, European Network for Quality Assurance

The idea of creating an organization for standardization of educative system in European area has its roots in 1994-1995 when the first Pilot Project for Evaluating Quality in Higher Education was presented in front of Council of Ministers of Europe. This has had the main focus to share and develop experience in quality assurance in higher education. (Official Website of ENQA , 2014)

"Following the Recommendation of the Council (98/561/EC of 24 September 1998) on European co-operation in quality assurance in higher education and the Bologna, ENQA was established in 2000 as the European Network for Quality Assurance in Higher Education to promote European co-operation in the field of quality assurance.

In 2004 the Network was transformed into the European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA)." (Official Website of ENQA , 2014)

2.1 The history of success and Future strategic vision

The educative system before 15 year was very different in all the countries in Europe. The need to have a consolidated system and an organization to assure quality was firstly put on focus by European Council of Minister under the Dutch presidency in 1991. In that time a survey was conducted which concluded that very few countries had external quality assurance arrangements and the Commission therefore found a need to arrange some quality assurance projects. The European Report which was approved in 1994 and put in action from 1995 have been considered by many institutions, Ministries and other state institutions in more than 17 countries covering nearly 46 institutions. …

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