Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Comparative Analysis of Regional Development of Northern Territories

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Comparative Analysis of Regional Development of Northern Territories

Article excerpt

Abstract

The analysis of northern regional development on the basis of the synthesis of comparative research and historical method is carried out in the article. The study of social and economic system enables us to understand better the roles of factors and methods of the governmental control of regional development as well as their position in social and economic and geopolitical aspect.

The northern regions of such countries as Russia (Kamchatka Krai), Canada (Yukon), the USA (Alaska), Japan (Hokkaido), and Iceland and Greenland were chosen as an object of research. All these regions play a strategically significant role in social and economic development of own countries and have climatic similarities.

The determination of common features of regional social and economic modeling makes it possible to compare the development of regions, having the same climatic, economic and geopolitical conditions but different levels of economic activity

There is the statistics generalization, characterizing various activities of regions, including structure of economy, its infrastructure supply, demographical situation, and financial sphere, that enables to see the features of national models of regional economies development. It is also proved that ignoring the actual connection between regional system elements and external and internal factors leads to loosing historical and social and economic basis in research.

Keywords: comparative analysis, regional system elements interaction, regional development models, conditions and factors of development, comparative assessment

1. Introduction

The analysis of policy of Russian Federation regions has shown that the climatic, economic, social, ecological, ethnic and other peculiarities ought to be taken into consideration, as well as negative and positive experiences of use of the different social and economic regional development stimulation.

The approaches to policy design, being used in the beginning of the twentieth first century played a great positive role, which enabled to understand long-term directions, tools and regional development institutions. According to the experience the documents had been formally drafted in a half of the regions.

The meaningful ten-year experience in regional strategic management, interaction between authorities, business interaction, population interaction, and public organizations interaction has helped to create new mechanisms of the conciliation of the interests. At the same time the object of strategic management has been changing itself - it has become more economically and socially dynamic. The changings have influenced the external environment-the regions have cooperated both with the regions within and outside the country more actively. Thus, the scientific problem is that widely used strategic planning methodology has already fallen behind actual level of social and economic regional development of Russia and needs innovations, which let consider fresh knowledge and gained foreign and Russian experiences in regional development.

2. Theoretical and Methodological Background

The questions of development of northern regions have been studied in researches of R. Bone (1992), A. V. Belikovich (1995), A. A. Kharevskiy (2001), G. A. Agranat (2003), E. R. Pullman, M. T. Jorgenson, Y. Shur (2007), V. B. Vereshchagina (2011), K. Grandmont, J. A. Cardille, D. Fortier, T. Gibryen (2012), H. H. Scheel (2012), O. A. Kozlova, and A. V. Karmakulova (2013).

The method of research. The main method of research is the comparative analysis. It is based on comparing differences, backgrounds, and natures of social and economic regional systems development and enables to avoid general summary regarding different national economy models. Hokkaido (Japan), Kamchatka Krai (Russia), Iceland and Greenland, Spitsbergen (Norway), Alaska (the USA), the Aleutian Islands (the USA), Yukon (Canada) were chosen as an object of comparative analysis. …

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